九十五歲的瑜伽大師 B·K·S·艾揚格於八月二十日逝世。艾揚格十八歲即開始教授瑜伽體位法，三十四歲因緣際會成了小提琴家曼紐因的導師，名聲從此逐漸在倫敦的藝術界傳開，被譽為「瑜伽的米開朗基羅大師」。他的第一本著作《瑜伽之光》（Light on Yoga）成為瑜伽史上的經典之作。75 年的教學中，他的學生包括電影明星 Annette Bening，設計師 Donna Karen，小說家赫胥黎，他還教會比利時 80 歲的王妃頭倒立。
In the unsettling world today, people are seeking a) tranquility and peace, and amid the different ways to discover personal refuge within, yoga has become the popular choice. The health benefits of yoga have been 1) unanimously acknowledged. The activity could be construed as physical exercise, or an active form of meditation. Regardless how yoga is defined, it is becoming a 2) modern day phenomenon, and the requirements of being a yogi are: a body, a mat, some space, and not to forget, a dash of awareness.
Within each individual’s body, when chronic pains and tiredness are alleviated through physical practice, the bondage of accumulated stress and discomfort is undone, and the person regains the childlike feeling of freedom. Numerous dedicated yogis have been promoting and guiding the inward journey toward personal freedom. Master yogi, B.K.S. Iyengar was the pioneer who introduced yoga to the west, which also b) catalyzed into the yoga frenzy in Taiwan, Japan, and many other nations.
身體裡的慢性疼痛與疲勞，經過體態的練習而得到緩解，積累的壓力和束縛也隨之而去，你會重拾童趣般的自由自在的感覺。許多瑜伽修行者強調，瑜伽是身體解放的內在旅程。瑜伽大師 B.K.S. Iyengar 是將瑜伽推引到西方世界的先驅。瑜伽在西方發揚光大後，台灣，日本與許多其他國家也自動跟進。
The legendary guru was born into poverty, and suffered life-threatening ill health when he was child. Yoga had c) salvaged him, and his contribution to humanity had helped countless number of bodies. He taught yoga for seventy-five years. His students include celebrities, philosophers, musicians, and even European royalty. His famous books Light on Yoga and Light on Life have been translated into many languages, and Iyengar Yoga has become a household name, as hundreds of Iyengar yoga schools have been established around the globe.
In 2004, Iyengar was included in Time 100, the one hundred most influential people in the world chosen by Time magazine.
傳奇的大師出生貧困，童年時受苦於疾病的威脅，瑜伽把他從貧病中拉出來，並且讓世間無數人們的身體受益。他教授瑜伽 75 年裡，學生包括了名人，哲學家，音樂家，歐洲皇室。他所寫的＜瑜珈之光＞與＜生命之光＞已經譯為多種語言，幾百家 Iyengar瑜伽學院分布於全球各地。2004 年，Iyengar 被列入 Time 100，時代雜誌所選的世界上一百大影響力的人物之一。
In August 2014, upon his departure of this world at the age of 95, his motto of “live happily and die majestically,” became the celebration of his life, and his ultimate reminder to each of us will always be remembered: “It is through your body that you realize you are a spark of divinity.”
在 2014 年 8 月，95 歲的大師離開了這個個世界，他的座右銘 “快樂生活，莊嚴離開。＂已成為對他生命的贊頌，而他的提醒：“透過你的身體，你了解到自己其實是一顆神性的火花。”世人將永遠銘記在心。
1. Unanimously acknowledged 一致認可，公認。
The project manager didn’t make the presentation himself, but the success of the assignment due to his diligent contribution was unanimously acknowledged.
2. Modern day phenomenon 現代現象，也用來解釋常常看到的事情，累積起來就變成現象了。
Many traditional practices such as Qi Gong and Feng shui are becoming popular modern day phenomena.
文/ C.H. Wang 世界公民文化中心
The above chart showing the relationship between a country's chocolate consumption and Nobel Prize victories is making the rounds on Twitter, perhaps because it's Easter.
One would assume, when seeing the chart, that it's one of those jokey correlation charts that you might find on Reddit or something, like the chart comparing homicide to the use of Windows Explorer.
But apparently the chocolate chart isn't a joke.
The chocolate chart actually comes from a New England Journal Of Medicine paper published in 2012 called: Chocolate Consumption, Cognitive Function, and Nobel Laureates.
The paper isn't a joke. It was written by Franz H. Messerli, MD. A full ungated version of it can be read here.
Since chocolate consumption could hypothetically improve cognitive function not only in individuals but also in whole populations, I wondered whether there would be a correlation between a country’s level of chocolate consumption and its population’s cognitive function. To my knowledge, no data on overall national cognitive function are publicly available. Conceivably, however, the total number of Nobel laureates per capita could serve as a surrogate end point reflecting the proportion with superior cognitive function and thereby give us some measure of the overall cognitive function of a given country.
The principal finding of this study is a surprisingly powerful correlation between chocolate intake per capita and the number of Nobel laureates in various countries. Of course, a correlation between X and Y does not prove causation but indicates that either X influences Y, Y influences X, or X and Y are influenced by a common underlying mechanism. However, since chocolate consumption has been documented to improve cognitive function, it seems most likely that in a dose-dependent way, chocolate intake provides the abundant fertile ground needed for the sprouting of Nobel laureates. Obviously, these findings are hypothesis-generating only and will have to be tested in a prospective, randomized trial.
So there you go! Happy Easter! Eat more chocolate!