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英語島方法卡,始於「從此展開一段英文旅程」,途中經過「滲透的音浪」、「殺手級開場」、「如影隨形」、「英文叛逆」、「明日預言」.....每一小段驚喜旅行,最後,「終於和世界相遇」。

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經濟崩壞的新生存指南:「多職能工作者」| Create Your Own Portfolio Career

經濟崩壞的新生存指南:「多職能工作者」 Create Your Own Portfolio Career  「我要創業!」大四那年,J 小姐就立下這個職涯目標。新聞系畢業的她,出了社會自然而然投入媒體做記者,她特別選擇跑財經與商業路線,一心以為自己會在商界訪談的耳濡目染下,忽然想出什麼好的生意點子。然而,即使出國念了個 MBA(企管碩士)回來,她仍然不知道要創什麼業。直到有一天,她拿到了一張美國人的名片,上面印著大學教職、企業顧問、編劇等多元專業。對方說:"I listed all the things I can do well and made my own portfolio career." 從此以後,「portfolio career」(多職能工作組合)一詞深植J 小姐的心中,她想,與其天馬行空地找創業點子,不如實實在在地列出、並整合自己的所有專長,為客戶提供服務,這不就是一條自立門戶的道路嗎? 進入本文前,請先想想以下單字: (A)有利可圖的  (B)務實的  (C)適應性 The word "portfolio" is often used to describe a collection of assets held by an institution or a private individual to ensure a stable return of investment. It is based on the concept of not putting all your eggs in one basket. The idea of a "portfolio career" is just like that. It involves multiple identities and the income may come from part-time employment, temporary work, freelance assignments or a personal business. Some portfolio careerists even have a full-time job, but will arrange their time to pursue other (A) lucrative interests. 「投資組合」一詞經常用來指機構或個人持有的多元資產,藉此確保穩定的投資收益。它的基本概念就是避免把所有的雞蛋都放在同一個籃子裡。而「多職能工作組合」也是同樣的想法。一個多職能工作者可能具備多重身份,收入也來自不同管道,譬如兼職工作、臨時業務、外包案件或個人事業等,有些人甚至仍保有全職工作,再另外善用時間去追求其他有利可圖的業務。 A Portfolio Career is undoubtedly an emerging trend. Barrie Hopson, co-author of "10 Steps to Creating a Portfolio Career" says that this type of career offers a safety net—if you lose one or choose to quit a job, you'll still have other sources of income, which is very attractive during the economic recession. (1) On the other hand, a much more fulfilling work-life blend is offered—for some people, it is even more rewarding than paychecks. "Increasingly, people are finding that they don't want to do the same thing (2)day in and day out," Hopson says. "The traditional, single-track career pattern of the last century is now more difficult to find, and if you do pursue that, you'll almost certainly have to move between companies." 「多職能工作組合」無疑是職場的一種新趨勢。暢銷書《創造多職能工作組合的十個步驟》作者之一巴里 • 霍普生表示,這樣的工作形式提供了一張安全網—如果你丟了工作或者選擇辭職,你仍然會有其他收入來源,這個優點在經濟衰退時期非常有吸引力。另一方面,人們藉由這種方式獲得更充實的工作與生活配置—對某些人來說,這比實質的薪資更有價值。「人們漸漸發現自己並不想每天都在做同樣的事,現今也很難找到像上個世紀一樣傳統而單一路線的職涯模式,倘若你追求的是那種舊時代的職涯,你幾乎肯定要在不同的公司間跳來跳去。」 Creating a portfolio career is also a (B) down-to-earth way to start a business. After figuring out which skills you have and how you can make them work, you may (3)carve out a career for yourself. 建立「多職能工作組合」也是一種務實的創業方式。在了解自己擁有什麼技能,以及如何藉由這些技能生存,你或許就能闖出一番事業。 Even if you don't have a plan to leave the traditional work environment, you should still have the spirit of a portfolio careerist. By juggling multiple careers, you have increased flexibility and (C) adaptability, which are two key skills every employee in this post-economic downturn needs to succeed in the future. 即使你沒有離開傳統工作環境的打算,也應該具備多職能工作者的精神,因為將多個工作玩弄於股掌之間,你會變得靈活而有適應性,這兩項特質是職場人士在後經濟衰退時代取得成功的關鍵條件。 口語字彙 (1) On the other hand 另一方面 Ex: Investing in a stock market can be profitable. On the other hand, we should also take the risks we might encounter into consideration.  投資股市是有利可圖的。但另一方面,也要將可能遇到的風險列入考量範圍。 這檔基金加碼投資美國股市。 (2) Day in and day out 日復一日; 每天 Ex: Jessica has worked day in and day out for this company for twenty years. Jessica 每天上下班,已經在這家公司工作二十年的時間了。 (3) carve out 原意是「雕刻」,這裡指的是比較抽象的「開創」、「規劃」出自己的未來。 Ex: It's difficult to carve out a niche in a design industry. 要在設計產業有一席之地是很困難的。 

[6 min. read] Life, Body, and Celebration 生命的慶祝

閱讀暖身 九十五歲的瑜伽大師 B·K·S·艾揚格於八月二十日逝世。艾揚格十八歲即開始教授瑜伽體位法,三十四歲因緣際會成了小提琴家曼紐因的導師,名聲從此逐漸在倫敦的藝術界傳開,被譽為「瑜伽的米開朗基羅大師」。他的第一本著作《瑜伽之光》(Light on Yoga)成為瑜伽史上的經典之作。75 年的教學中,他的學生包括電影明星 Annette Bening,設計師 Donna Karen,小說家赫胥黎,他還教會比利時 80 歲的王妃頭倒立。 一起來觀賞這則簡單卻傳奇的故事。 進入本文前,請先想想怎麼表達以下單字: a) 平靜  b) 催化  c) 挽救  In the unsettling world today, people are seeking a) tranquility and peace, and amid the different ways to discover personal refuge within, yoga has become the popular choice. The health benefits of yoga have been 1) unanimously acknowledged. The activity could be construed as physical exercise, or an active form of meditation. Regardless how yoga is defined, it is becoming a 2) modern day phenomenon, and the requirements of being a yogi are: a body, a mat, some space, and not to forget, a dash of awareness.  擾攘的現代世界,人們欲找尋平靜,藉著各種方式找到避風港,而瑜伽已經成為風尚的選擇。瑜伽有益於健康,已無庸置疑,它不只能鍛練體能,還是一種動態的冥想。瑜珈已經成為一個現代的現象。想成為瑜伽人,你只要具備:你的身體,一個墊子,些許空間,不要忘了,還有就是一些專注力。 Within each individual’s body, when chronic pains and tiredness are alleviated through physical practice, the bondage of accumulated stress and discomfort is undone, and the person regains the childlike feeling of freedom. Numerous dedicated yogis have been promoting and guiding the inward journey toward personal freedom. Master yogi, B.K.S. Iyengar was the pioneer who introduced yoga to the west, which also b) catalyzed into the yoga frenzy in Taiwan, Japan, and many other nations.  身體裡的慢性疼痛與疲勞,經過體態的練習而得到緩解,積累的壓力和束縛也隨之而去,你會重拾童趣般的自由自在的感覺。許多瑜伽修行者強調,瑜伽是身體解放的內在旅程。瑜伽大師 B.K.S. Iyengar 是將瑜伽推引到西方世界的先驅。瑜伽在西方發揚光大後,台灣,日本與許多其他國家也自動跟進。 The legendary guru was born into poverty, and suffered life-threatening ill health when he was child. Yoga had c) salvaged him, and his contribution to humanity had helped countless number of bodies. He taught yoga for seventy-five years. His students include celebrities, philosophers, musicians, and even European royalty. His famous books Light on Yoga and Light on Life have been translated into many languages, and Iyengar Yoga has become a household name, as hundreds of Iyengar yoga schools have been established around the globe.  In 2004, Iyengar was included in Time 100, the one hundred most influential people in the world chosen by Time magazine.  傳奇的大師出生貧困,童年時受苦於疾病的威脅,瑜伽把他從貧病中拉出來,並且讓世間無數人們的身體受益。他教授瑜伽 75 年裡,學生包括了名人,哲學家,音樂家,歐洲皇室。他所寫的<瑜珈之光>與<生命之光>已經譯為多種語言,幾百家 Iyengar瑜伽學院分布於全球各地。2004 年,Iyengar 被列入 Time 100,時代雜誌所選的世界上一百大影響力的人物之一。 In August 2014, upon his departure of this world at the age of 95, his motto of “live happily and die majestically,” became the celebration of his life, and his ultimate reminder to each of us will always be remembered: “It is through your body that you realize you are a spark of divinity.” 在 2014 年 8 月,95 歲的大師離開了這個個世界,他的座右銘 “快樂生活,莊嚴離開。"已成為對他生命的贊頌,而他的提醒:“透過你的身體,你了解到自己其實是一顆神性的火花。”世人將永遠銘記在心。 口語詞彙 1. Unanimously acknowledged 一致認可,公認。 The project manager didn’t make the presentation himself, but the success of the assignment due to his diligent contribution was unanimously acknowledged.  專案經理雖沒有親自做簡報,但大家一致認為,任務的成功是因為他的認真。 2. Modern day phenomenon 現代現象,也用來解釋常常看到的事情,累積起來就變成現象了。 Many traditional practices such as Qi Gong and Feng shui are becoming popular modern day phenomena.  很多傳統的練習像是氣功與風水都已經成為熱門的現代現象了。 文/ C.H. Wang 世界公民文化中心

【6 min Read】Whom Money Has Turned Us Into?

Whom money has turned us into?  有錢讓我們更自私?  文/ Claire Peng  閱讀暖身  李奧納多主演的「華爾街之狼」,勾勒出荒淫、墮落、紙醉金迷的金錢世界,追逐財富的代價,是人性變得更自私自利。美國柏克萊大學的社會心理學家保羅‧皮福,用有趣的實驗,讓我們檢視赤裸裸的人性,你會恍然大悟:為什麼有錢人講話那麼大聲?! 進入本文前,請先想想怎麼表達以下單字:  (A) 良心 (B) 權力 (C) 加劇 ; 惡化  It’s 8:30 in the morning. You know you are going to be late for work again. You are standing in a long queue to get your coffee and breakfast, complaining to the waiter for not delivering your order promptly. After an exhausting day at work, you feel like going home immediately. You start messaging your friend after spotting a seat on the MRT without seeing a five-year-old girl standing just in front of you.  早上八點半,你知道你今天上班又要遲到了。你排在很長的隊伍裡等著買咖啡和早餐,一邊抱怨服務生動作不夠快速。待上了一整天班,你筋疲力盡,ㄧ心只想著趕快回家。一上捷運,看見有位置就立刻坐下,開始拿出你的手機傳訊息給朋友,沒有注意到一位五歲的小女孩就站在你面前。  The scenario is familiar to all of us; or we can say it happens to us or around us almost every single day. We tend to prioritize our needs above the interests of other people. When having a bad A) conscience, we would come up with a whole bunch of excuses to justify our behaviors. It makes us wonder if the hustle and bustle of life in the big city has turned us into ruthless people. How does money affect the way we behave? A famous social psychologist, Paul Piff, uses a rigged monopoly game to answer the question.  這樣的場景我們一點都不陌生,幾乎每一天都可以看見我們自己或是別人做出類似的行為。我們往往優先考慮自己的需求大過於他人的利益。當心裡出現良心不安,我們總是可以想到一大堆理由來合理化自己的行為。這讓我們不禁疑惑,生活在喧擾繁忙的大城市裡,我們是不是早已變得冷酷無情?到底金錢對於我們的行為有什麼影響?著名的社會心理學家保羅‧皮福用一場精心設計的大富翁遊戲來回答這個問題。 Paul and his research group conducted a study at the University of California, Berkeley, to look into how people behave when feeling wealthy. They brought more than 100 pairs of strangers into the lab to play the monopoly game. One of the players in each pair was assigned as the “privileged” one and the other one as the “poor” one. The privileged players collected twice the salary on passing “Go” and rolled two dice rather than one.  為了研究當人類感受到富有時的行為,保羅和他的研究團隊在加州柏克萊大學進行一個實驗。他們將100 對彼此不認識的陌生人帶到實驗室裡玩大富翁。每對玩家裡面有一位分配到優勢權,而另一位是相對弱勢。具有優勢的玩家在通過起點的時候都能領取兩倍的錢,並且每回可以骰兩顆骰子,而另一位玩家只能骰一顆骰子。  Significant differences between the privileged and the poor players were revealed as the game unfolded. The rich ones became louder, followed by display of power and dominance through nonverbal language. The privileged players even behaved in ruder ways towards the poor ones 1) as a means of showing off their material success. The experiment demonstrates that as one’s wealth goes up, one’s feelings of compassion and empathy decrease while self-focus and feelings of B) entitlement increase. 2) On top of that, some research showcases that financial inequality undermines positive things in the society, such as economic growth, social trust, and educational performance.  兩位玩家在遊戲開始之後便展現出極大的差異。有錢的那位玩家聲音變得越來越大聲,並用肢體動作展現出自己的權力和優越感。他們甚至開始對於貧窮的玩家變得無禮,並以物質上的優越作為炫耀。此實驗顯示,隨著一個人的財富增加,對他人的同情心和同理心會下降,並且自我中心和權力的意識會增強。除此之外,有研究顯示財富不均會危害社會的積極面向, 如經濟成長、社會信任和教育成效。  The Global Wealth Report in 2013 shows that the top 10% of the world population own close to 83% percent of the total wealth while half of the population possesses barely 1% of global wealth. It also suggests that economic growth has C) exacerbated this income inequality. As governments around the world try to grow their economies we should perhaps ask ourselves how much economic growth are we willing to compromise, if any, for the wellbeing of our fellow citizens?  2013 年全球財富報告指出,世界人口中10% 富豪佔了近83%的全世界總財富,但全球一半的人口僅擁有1%的全球財富。這也顯示出經濟發展加劇了財富不均的現象。當全球政府都致力於發展經濟的同時,我們不禁要反問: 為了人民的福祉,多大的經濟成長是我們可以妥協的?  口語字彙: 1) as a means of 作為…的方式 mean 當動詞用是「意味著」,means 是名詞,原意是「手段」或「方法」,結尾一定要記得 加s。有個常見的片語by no means,意思是「絕不」。 E.g., Silence is also considered a means of communication. 沉默也被視為是一種溝通方式。 E.g., By no means do I agree with this time. 我這次絕不會同意你的看法。  2) on top of… 了解狀況/除…之外 當了解狀況解釋時,可以表示掌握最新狀況, 或處理某事很成功。 E.g., You can ask Susan about the case. She is on top of it. 你可以詢問蘇珊有關情況, 她最了解。 The boss asked her to stay on top of the things. 老闆要求她要好好處理事情。 當除.. 之外時, 也可換成in addition to/ besides/ apart from + 名詞 / 動名詞 (Ving)。 Claire was good at English throughout her undergraduate studies, but on top of that, she excelled in her art subjects too. Claire 在大學的時候英文很好。除此之外,她也很擅長藝術相關科目。 參考資料:Ted Talk 

【6 min Read】11 Things You Should Remind Yourself of When You Wake up

What's the first thing coming to your mind when you wake up in the morning? Sometimes, we choose not to believe that we are capable of living the lives we want. There are 11 things that you should remind yourself of when you wake up every morning. They might help you lead a more satisfying life. 1. Today can be a good day, but only if you make it so. 今天可以是很棒的一天,但只有你也這樣認為才可以。心態決定一切,選擇相信今天很美好,就能活的自在快樂。 2. The only things that you should do today are the things you want to do today.  今天應該要做的事就是你想做的事。如果今天不是在做自己想做的事情,那你必須要做一點改變。 3. The important people in your life deserve both respect and attention. 你身邊重要的人值得你的尊敬和關心。只有重要的人值得這一切,對於不重要的人,就不必浪費太多自己的時間。 全文請看>> Elite Daily -- By Claire Peng

【6 min. Read】Facebook stories - Twinsters

Adopted, raised on different continents and connected through social media, Samantha and Anaïs realized they might be twins separated at birth... 如果有一天,你的朋友丟給你一個Youtube影片,「裡面那個人好像你喔!」 你可能會說「大概是我失散多年的兄弟姐妹吧!哈哈哈哈」 但萬一是真的呢...?你會驚慌?你會欣喜? 人生如戲,戲如人生。 Facebook收集了十則人生故事,配上圖表及照片,好讀推薦!  http://www.facebookstories.com/stories/53771/twinsters 

【6 min Read】How to Leave Work on Time?

你多久沒準時下班了?  閱讀暖身  準時下班與完成每天工作事項不見得背道而馳。工作超時或許能贏得盡忠職守的美名,對長期的工作績效和生活品質卻不盡然。如果想盡力完成當天工作,又想準時離開辦公室,你需要一些技巧管理你的工作習慣。   進入本文前,請先想想怎麼表達以下單字:  a) 精疲力盡b) 應付c) 空出、 撥出  The clock has ticked past 6:30pm but you are still sitting in front of your computer. You have been thinking about going home on time today so as to spend some time with your kids, but you are still facing a pile of work. When you finally get to leave the office, it’s already 9 pm and you are the last one to turn off the office lights again. You feel a) drained by work after getting home, and feel like 1) hitting the sack right away. 牆上的時鐘早已過了六點半,你還坐在你的電腦前面工作。雖然一直想著要早點回家陪小孩,卻有堆積如山的工作還沒完成。當你終於準備要離開公司,發現已經九點鐘了,而且你又是最後一個離開辦公室的人。當你到家之後,早已覺得精疲力盡,一心只想趕快上床睡覺。 It's a pattern with which most full-time professionals are familiar–you’re spending increasing amounts of time at your office, compromising your personal life just to make a good impression at work. However, staying longer at the office does not necessarily make you more productive. It often works 2) the other way around. The following tips might help you shorten your office hours so you can leave work on time. 這是大部分全職上班族都不陌生的情況,每天花越來越多的時間待在辦公室,犧牲了自己的私人時間,只為求在工作上有好的表現。然而,在辦公室的時間越長,並不代表你會更有生產力,而且通常還會得到反效果。以下提供幾個方法,或許可以幫助你縮短工作時間,讓你準時離開工作崗位。 First, learn to prioritize things. Make a list of the three most important things you have to get done in a day. Limit it to three and focus on them. Don’t try to b) juggle too many things at once. Tackle the important and difficult tasks first so they won’t slow you down at the end of the day when you might get stuck. Second, stay on top of your emails. c) Set aside two or three particular times a day for checking emails and that’s it! Don’t bother to reply to every email as soon as it arrives in your inbox. You are not going to miss out on important messages because people will call you if it’s urgent. 首先,訂出工作的優先順序。先寫下一天最重要的三件工作,記得要限制只有「三件」,並專注地完成它們,不要試著一次處理太多事情。先完成這些比較重要和困難的工作,不要留到下班前再做,這樣在遇到瓶頸的時候,才不會拖延到你的下班時間。第二點,控制回覆電子郵件的時間。每天撥出兩到三個時間點回覆郵件即可,不要一收到新郵件就急著立刻回覆。你不必擔心會漏掉重要訊息,若有緊急的情況,別人會直接用電話聯繫。 Third, be flexible. When you are busy, you can try to get to work earlier or compromise some of your lunch break time. Bring your own lunchbox so that it saves you more time. Don’t get involved in too many 3) “water cooler chats”; focus on accomplishing your tasks first. Lastly, feel good about what you have done. When you leave the office every day, don’t just think about the things you have yet to do. Remind yourself of the things you have accomplished today, ending your work-day feeling good about what you have done. 第三,「彈性」調配時間。當你業務繁忙的時候,可以試著早點進辦公室,或者是利用一點自己的午休時間工作,自己帶便當會比中午出去外面吃飯來的更省時。試著減少參與同事的「茶水間閒聊」,讓自己先專注在當天要完成的任務。最後,對自己的工作進度感到滿意。每天離開辦公室前,不要只掛念著自己還沒完成的工作,提醒自己今天已經完成了哪些任務,在結束一天工作前能夠感覺充實。 *口語詞彙: 1. hit the sack 上床睡覺 hit the sack 的意思和go to bed一樣,但hit the sack是更口語的表達方式。 E.g., I am very tired, so I guess it’s time for me to hit the sack.  我現在很累,所以我想該上床睡覺了。 2. the other way around 相反地、以相反地方式進行 I don't think the table will go through the door this way. Let’s try it the other way around.  我不覺得桌子可以從這個角度搬進門,我們應該要換個方向試試看。 3. water cooler chats 茶水間閒聊 Water cooler  是飲水機,water cooler chat 顧名思義就是在飲水機或茶水間的閒聊,也可以說 water cooler conversation.  The gossip has become water-cooler chat/conversation, and has spread around the office.  八卦已經成為茶水間閒聊話題,並且已在辦公室內傳開。 -- 文/ Claire Peng Photo via http://tinyurl.com/nfoaexs