Curious

英語島交誼廳
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Ellen said
Google共同創辦人Larry Page,被稱作全宇宙野心最大的執行長,他不斷推動Google向其他領域拓展,從併購就能看出 Larry 的創新思維:公司財務狀況不會是優先考量,關鍵在這間公司能為Google帶來多少可能性,評估標準包含一項特殊的考驗 ‒ Toothbrush Test牙刷考驗。   刷考驗的關鍵在優化使用者體驗,使用者體驗做的愈貼近人性,令使用率攀升的同時,也代表產品的市場潛力愈大。  我們找出Google去年收購旗下的公司,測試它能否順利通過牙刷考驗。 除了幫助 Google 評估公司併購外,牙刷能考驗其他東西嗎?  你想得到其他的用法嗎?換你試試。  參考資料:The New York Times, Business Insider  本文收錄於英語島English Island 2016年8月號 
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Ellen said
"You’re the average of the five people you spend most of your time with. " 要完成你覺得做不到的事,最快的方法,是置身已經在做的人當中 美國知名企業家Jim Rohn提出五人平均值(Average of Five)理論,強調人必須時常審視自己的人際關係,你現階段花最多時間相處的5個人平均起來成為當下的你,這五個人可能是伴侶、朋友、同事或精神導師,他們的思想、價值觀會對你的個性和觀念產生重大影響,開拓你的眼界,激勵你追逐夢想中的自己。   「我怎麼可能做到」-->「連他們都做到了,我怎麼可能做不到」 假設你希望能環遊世界,但碰到困難又想想「還是算了」,有天你交到一群熱愛旅行的朋友,總是熱烈討論下次去哪背包旅行,原本模糊的夢想突然變得有形體,逐漸有落實的可能,其實你不需要改變目標,只需要改變周遭環境。 Surround yourself with positive and inspiring people 身邊還有哪些人擁有你一直渴望的特質,或你想成為那樣的人,那就多多觀察和學習,將他們的優點也變成你的優點  
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Ellen said
Marketing Myopia 你可能得了行銷近視症  哈佛商學院行銷學教授Theodore Levitt在1960年首次提出Marketing Myopia 行銷近視症,指企業像得了近視眼失去遠見,盲目地追求產品性能,忽略顧客的真實需求。  別怪景氣差,怪你沒聽懂顧客的心 景氣差和企業衰退無關,錯估顧客需求才是真正的致命傷,美國有家鐵路公司把自己定位在鐵路業,其實錯估了帶給旅客的價值 ,忽視掉快速、準時的運輸服務,反而把資金投入更貴、更豪華的火車,他們原可拓展業務至航運、海運或貨運,為企業找到更多成長空間,卻任由其他運輸業的競爭對手壯大、搶走顧客。 
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Ellen said
“ What is important is seldom urgent and what is urgent is seldom important. ”   「每天有一大堆工作等著我做,每件事看起來都很急」,每天手上都塞滿處理不完的工作是許多上班 族共同的困擾,如何從繁亂的工作中理出頭緒?  分清緩急輕重,杜絕窮忙!  艾森豪(Dwight D. Eisenhower)是20世紀唯一軍人出身的美國總統,特有的紀律思路使得他發明一 套工作管理術,釐清工作順序,這套管理術被命名為艾森豪矩陣(Eisenhower Matrix),把待處理的 工作用重要性Important和急迫性Urgent 分為4個類型。  提前採取行動,把80%時間用在重要但不緊急的事 很多人會把全部心力用在優先處理的事情上,但緊急的事往往歸因於事先沒做好進度規劃。與其忙著 救火,不如一開始讓火源遠離自己,把養成「安排進度」的工作習慣當作最重要的事,再怎麼忙,每 天持續做,讓自己持續投資足夠的時間在最需要仔細考量的任務,花5分鐘檢視自己的工作,提早下 班吧!■ 
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今年11月初,美國人用選票把川普送進白宮,這位眾人熟知的地產大亨出口狂妄、個性自大,甚至還有歧視女性的傳聞,他的表現出來顛覆以往美國總統既有的形象,甚至有媒體形容川普為政治界的黑天鵝,極其諷刺地挖苦這場選戰。美國的政經變革並非一日之寒,特別是中下階層的民眾在長期的困頓下,希冀能夠打破美國的金權政治、建制精英,重新將其定位。 The Impact of the Highly Improbable 最不可能發生,但總是發生的事   17世紀前歐洲人普遍認知中的天鵝是白色的,直到在澳洲發現黑天鵝,一瞬間扭轉人們對天鵝的理 解,因此黑天鵝常用來比喻不合普遍預期的意外事件,發生時卻造成極大的影響,我們在任何領域都 能發現它的蹤影,甚至有一說認為黑天鵝是社會進步的契機。經典的黑天鵝如美國次貸風暴、英國脫 歐、Google崛起、911恐怖攻擊等等。  One thing I know, that is I know nothing. 我唯一知道的事,就是我一無所知  黑天鵝點出了思考的盲點,我們常習慣從「我已經知道的」、「過去的經驗」去推算未來,但往往發生的因子超出認知之外,或被判定不夠重要而自動省略,這些是因慣性思考方式產生的思考謬誤,另外對 自身知識抱持過份的自信,我們稱知識傲慢,也會干擾事實呈現,導致最終被意料之外的事情衝擊。 黑天鵝理論的作者Nassim Nicholas Taleb,在書中結語寫到,我們不需對一次挫折感到頹喪,或對無法預知的未來惶恐不安,我們能做的是抱著最壞的打算,做最好的準備,盡最大的努力,才能在黑天 鵝來臨時,掌握自己的命運。 【延伸理論】 過濾氣泡現象Filter Bubble You don't decide what gets in, more importantly; you don't actually see what gets edited out. 同溫層現象,網路會透過運算機制,依照使用者的網路行為、習慣,來決定他能會看到的訊息,避免使用者看到和自己價值 觀不符合的內容,導致使用者受到的資訊將愈趨單一化。 迴聲室效應Echo Chamber Among like-minded people, it’s hard to come up with arguments that challenge the group consensus, which means group members keep hearing arguments only in one direction.  人們只接收到和自己觀點相同的資訊,甚至因此認為誤以為這些資訊就是事實的全部貌,比如Facebook會根據用戶的喜好推送同類型質性的資訊,儘管每天收到大量資訊,卻無助於辨認事實或釐清不同觀點。  
文章分類:Business
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「煙霧測試」一詞源自硬體業,原是避免新元件安裝後,出現Bug害整個機房當機,只開啟單一設備的電源,如果機器沒冒煙,代表基本功能沒有問題,新元件便通過了測試,之後微軟用來測試軟體,以確認程式碼中的更改會按預期運行,不會破壞整個版本的穩定性。 失敗警報器 把風險降到最低 煙霧測試所需時間短,是即時發現錯誤最經濟有效的方法,它的應用範圍很廣,除了現有軟硬體測試,也能用在產品開發及行銷上:內部規劃新產品,如果缺乏目標客群的意見,可能要等到推出後才發現市場接受度差,為了不要讓這個狀況發生,有新產品想法時不如先試水溫,讓顧客告訴你他們會不會買單,得到回饋後就知道該調整或執行,避免時間和勞力成本前功盡棄。 Start Your Smoke Test Which product or service didn’t get the growth I expected? 你遇到的問題是什麼? ‚How to confirm the solution in the most cost-effective way? 如何驗證解決辦法有效? Typical Product Way 一般產品流程裡失敗和成功往往只有一線之隔 Optimized Product Way 優化後的好處是節省時間和精力,還能更了解客戶需求  
文章分類:Business
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文/ Claire Peng 有時候一個片語、一個單字甚至是一個介係詞用錯,都會讓你的英文飄著濃濃「中文味」。以下幾句有英文「bug」的句子,是英語島學生們常犯的幾個錯誤,看看你是否可以找出來,並改成正確的句子。   Debug 1. Thanks for your caring 謝謝你的關心。 2. Thanks for your mention. 謝謝你的提醒。 3. I will call you back on next Wednesday. 我下星期三會再打電話給你。 Debugged 1. Thanks for your concern. 很多學生在表達感謝的時候,會跟老師說「Thanks for your care.」謝謝你的關心。老師會覺得一頭霧水,因為表達謝謝關心,其實是要用concern,用care代表別人真的有「照顧」你。譬如說你生病了,有人在你旁邊照料你,你才可以跟對方說Thanks for your care。 如果你只是想要簡單表達感謝對方關心,你也可以說thanks for asking. 2. Thanks for your reminder. / Thanks for reminding me. mention 的意思是「提到」,如果要表達「提醒」,可以用名詞reminder,或是動詞remind。因為for是介係詞,所以後面的動詞要加上ing。 3. I will call you back next Wednesday. 要指名特並日期的時候,我們通常會用介係詞on。但在這裡有一個next,所以不用介係詞。下次看到next, this, last,前面就不需要再使用介係詞了。 [Debug]是英語島51張方法卡的其中一張,教你如何進行除錯式的英文學習。英文已經有基本程度的你,現在開始把腦子裡的錯誤程式:錯誤發音、錯誤文法、錯誤句型通通去除。你不必帶著這些英文bugs一輩子,來到英語島,我們每天幫你抓一隻!  -- Photo via http://tinyurl.com/m4hzzjw  
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Zoe Chou said
Hi > Dear 商業Email沒有老師教,所以辦公室流竄著以訛傳訛的Email格式,與不合時宜的說法。想像收到一封信開頭是「親愛的女士/先生」,恐怕會認為是廣告垃圾信件吧,英文Email也是同樣的道理。 不要小看Email,好的Email讓人覺得你專業、有條理、明快。怎麼寫,看這張表就清楚。 Part 1. Dear已過時,Hi才是商業Email標準用法 還在用"Dear"判斷同仁有沒有禮貌的人注意了,英語系國家現在大多使用較輕鬆友善的"Hi"。 Dear Angel, 其實沒有錯,只是就像銀行或其他服務寄來的「親愛的顧客您好…」,現在看起來有點太矯揉。       Dears,                Dear Both, 兩種用法都是台灣人自行發明,往來國外Email請避免。     Hello/Hi,                 Hi Everyone,                Dear Team Members,                Hey Folks, 更輕鬆的用法,請用在和熟人溝通。              Angel, 過去我們認為沒有招呼語很失禮,事實上現在是可以直接稱呼名字的。 Part 2. 「由於」還是導致班機延誤 在Email中交代事由,抱著有單字就用的心態,小心鬧笑話。 The bad weather resulted from the delay of the flight.   The bad weather resulted in the delay of the flight.    壞天氣導致班機延誤,result in是導致,result from是由於,可以這樣記:from something一定是原因。另一個常見錯誤是,認為Due to=because of,其實due to更像caused by(起因於),而且前面要加be動詞。    The meeting was cancelled due to the rain.     The cancellation of the meeting is due to the rain.  Part 3. 「先謝謝了」很惹人厭   Thank you in advance意味著對方已經同意你的要求,讓看信的人不舒服,這是心態上的錯誤,老中或老外都會犯。更好的說法是:    Thank you for considering my request.               I will be grateful for the help.                  I hope you will be able to provide the information. Part 4. Appreciate不是Thank you   I appreciate you for the opportunity.      I appreciate the opportunity.      Thank you for the opportunity.     He thanked for the opportunity.  Part 5. 謎樣的錯誤   If any question, please let me know.     如有任何問題,請讓我知道。這句話少了「有」。正確說法是:    If there is any question, please let me know. 本文收錄於英語島English Island 2014年7月號 訂閱雜誌 
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Lien said
Six Thinking Hats    如果你想往前走,就挑一頂帽子 由愛德華. 德. 波諾發展出來的工具, 六頂思考帽(Six Thinking Hats)的技巧詳細地說明了做決定的時候我們會用到的不同思考風格。人們往往會有某種偏好的思考風格,但無論多麼有用,我們都還是可能因為無法跳脫既定模式,導致最後坐困愁城。六頂思考帽的方法給了我們彈性,不是利用適合某個情況的風格,就是透過應用一種以上的思考風格到某個問題上,讓我們的思考可以更全面。 Used with well-defined and explicit Return On Investment success in corporations worldwide, Six Thinking Hats is a simple, effective parallel thinking process that helps people be more productive, focused, and mindfully involved. A powerful tool set, which once learned can be applied immediately! You and your team members can learn how to separate thinking into six clear functions and roles. Each thinking role is identified with a colored symbolic "thinking hat." By mentally wearing and switching "hats," you can easily focus or redirect thoughts, the conversation, or the meeting. The White Hat calls for information known or needed. "The facts, just the facts."  The Yellow Hat symbolizes brightness and optimism. Under this hat you explore the positives and probe for value and benefit. The Black Hat is judgment - the devil's advocate or why something may not work. Spot the difficulties and dangers; where things might go wrong. Probably the most powerful and useful of the Hats but a problem if overused. The Red Hat signifies feelings, hunches and intuition. When using this hat you can express emotions and feelings and share fears, likes, dislikes, loves, and hates. The Green Hat focuses on creativity; the possibilities, alternatives, and new ideas. It's an opportunity to express new concepts and new perceptions. The Blue Hat is used to manage the thinking process. It's the control mechanism that ensures the Six Thinking Hats® guidelines are observed.   Source: http://www.debonogroup.com/six_thinking_hats.php
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Zoe Chou said
學英文的人大抵要經歷兩個過程,由簡入繁,再由繁入簡,最高明的境界是用最簡單的語言把一件事情說清楚。 今天介紹的這6個句子都是很簡單的句子,也都是你認得的字,但一開口說出來,高下立辨。 1、Let's push it back to next week.(我們把(會議)延遲到下周吧。) 延期我們習慣用postpone,push back更口語,有「推」的動作。如果是時間往前提,就用bring forward,一樣是非常實用的片語。例句:We decided to bring forward the date of the next meeting.(我們決定將下一次會議的日期提前。) 2、You're cutting it a bit fine, aren't you?(你把時間卡得太緊了吧?) 時間或預算卡得很太緊,你第一個想到的字大概是tight,現在你可以用cut it fine或cut it close來表達。 3、I got loads out of it.(我從中學到了很多東西。) 你當然可以說I learn a lot. 但偶爾換一下新鮮說法,參加一個研討會,收穫很多,這句就派上用場:I got loads out of it. 4、Can I pick your brains for a second?(能否請你借一下你的腦袋?) 這是和熟人之間有點俏皮的對話。你可以直接問Can you help me? 但用pick your brains顯得你看重的是對方的腦力,而不是勞力,人家也許更樂意幫忙了。 5、That figures.(怪不得/原來如此) figure這個字我們習慣的用法是figure out,意思是「瞭解、明白」。That figures. 意思是這件事,可以想見,或是像中文的口語「怪不得」、「在意料之中」、「原來如此」。 6、I am at your service at any time.(隨時都樂於為您服務。) 這句話很簡單,卻是客戶喜歡聽的話。有時候也會以更簡單的形式出現,例如客戶有一個新產品發表會,希望你提一份企劃畫,你胸有成竹,就可以說:No problem. At your service。  文/世界公民文化中心
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Zoe Chou said
經濟崩壞的新生存指南:「多職能工作者」 Create Your Own Portfolio Career  「我要創業!」大四那年,J 小姐就立下這個職涯目標。新聞系畢業的她,出了社會自然而然投入媒體做記者,她特別選擇跑財經與商業路線,一心以為自己會在商界訪談的耳濡目染下,忽然想出什麼好的生意點子。然而,即使出國念了個 MBA(企管碩士)回來,她仍然不知道要創什麼業。直到有一天,她拿到了一張美國人的名片,上面印著大學教職、企業顧問、編劇等多元專業。對方說:"I listed all the things I can do well and made my own portfolio career." 從此以後,「portfolio career」(多職能工作組合)一詞深植J 小姐的心中,她想,與其天馬行空地找創業點子,不如實實在在地列出、並整合自己的所有專長,為客戶提供服務,這不就是一條自立門戶的道路嗎? 進入本文前,請先想想以下單字: (A)有利可圖的  (B)務實的  (C)適應性 The word "portfolio" is often used to describe a collection of assets held by an institution or a private individual to ensure a stable return of investment. It is based on the concept of not putting all your eggs in one basket. The idea of a "portfolio career" is just like that. It involves multiple identities and the income may come from part-time employment, temporary work, freelance assignments or a personal business. Some portfolio careerists even have a full-time job, but will arrange their time to pursue other (A) lucrative interests. 「投資組合」一詞經常用來指機構或個人持有的多元資產,藉此確保穩定的投資收益。它的基本概念就是避免把所有的雞蛋都放在同一個籃子裡。而「多職能工作組合」也是同樣的想法。一個多職能工作者可能具備多重身份,收入也來自不同管道,譬如兼職工作、臨時業務、外包案件或個人事業等,有些人甚至仍保有全職工作,再另外善用時間去追求其他有利可圖的業務。 A Portfolio Career is undoubtedly an emerging trend. Barrie Hopson, co-author of "10 Steps to Creating a Portfolio Career" says that this type of career offers a safety net—if you lose one or choose to quit a job, you'll still have other sources of income, which is very attractive during the economic recession. (1) On the other hand, a much more fulfilling work-life blend is offered—for some people, it is even more rewarding than paychecks. "Increasingly, people are finding that they don't want to do the same thing (2)day in and day out," Hopson says. "The traditional, single-track career pattern of the last century is now more difficult to find, and if you do pursue that, you'll almost certainly have to move between companies." 「多職能工作組合」無疑是職場的一種新趨勢。暢銷書《創造多職能工作組合的十個步驟》作者之一巴里 • 霍普生表示,這樣的工作形式提供了一張安全網—如果你丟了工作或者選擇辭職,你仍然會有其他收入來源,這個優點在經濟衰退時期非常有吸引力。另一方面,人們藉由這種方式獲得更充實的工作與生活配置—對某些人來說,這比實質的薪資更有價值。「人們漸漸發現自己並不想每天都在做同樣的事,現今也很難找到像上個世紀一樣傳統而單一路線的職涯模式,倘若你追求的是那種舊時代的職涯,你幾乎肯定要在不同的公司間跳來跳去。」 Creating a portfolio career is also a (B) down-to-earth way to start a business. After figuring out which skills you have and how you can make them work, you may (3)carve out a career for yourself. 建立「多職能工作組合」也是一種務實的創業方式。在了解自己擁有什麼技能,以及如何藉由這些技能生存,你或許就能闖出一番事業。 Even if you don't have a plan to leave the traditional work environment, you should still have the spirit of a portfolio careerist. By juggling multiple careers, you have increased flexibility and (C) adaptability, which are two key skills every employee in this post-economic downturn needs to succeed in the future. 即使你沒有離開傳統工作環境的打算,也應該具備多職能工作者的精神,因為將多個工作玩弄於股掌之間,你會變得靈活而有適應性,這兩項特質是職場人士在後經濟衰退時代取得成功的關鍵條件。 口語字彙 (1) On the other hand 另一方面 Ex: Investing in a stock market can be profitable. On the other hand, we should also take the risks we might encounter into consideration.  投資股市是有利可圖的。但另一方面,也要將可能遇到的風險列入考量範圍。 這檔基金加碼投資美國股市。 (2) Day in and day out 日復一日; 每天 Ex: Jessica has worked day in and day out for this company for twenty years. Jessica 每天上下班,已經在這家公司工作二十年的時間了。 (3) carve out 原意是「雕刻」,這裡指的是比較抽象的「開創」、「規劃」出自己的未來。 Ex: It's difficult to carve out a niche in a design industry. 要在設計產業有一席之地是很困難的。 
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Zoe Chou said
我們常在報告結束時問聽眾:「有沒有任何問題?」這句的英文到底是 "Any question?" 還是 "Any questions?"  any 不是應該加單數名詞嗎?可是好像比較常聽到加 s ? 還是說因為句尾加 s 聽起來比較像native speaker? 有一次聽簡報,在最後 Q&A 環節時,報告人詢問大家 "Any question?" 這一個錯字讓台下的 English speaker 都愣住了,事後回想起來不記得他的演講內容,只記得這個一字之差帶來的面面相覷。  原來美式英文在碰到問句及否定句時,any 後面的可數名詞都要換成複數,讓 any 代表「所有種類/可能」,不只是「任一」而已,多個也可以,這樣包含的範圍更全面。 還有一些類似的常見用法,例如: ● Any ideas? ● Any thoughts? ● Any feedback? 小心 feedback 是不可數名詞,本來就沒有複數型態,不能加 s 。 上面的例句都比較口語,省略了句子前面的部分,也有需要講完整句子的場合,應該怎麼說呢? ● Let me know if you have any questions. 如有任何問題請告訴我。 ● Have you got any children? 你有小孩嗎? any 也可以用在不只一樣東西的時候,像是在Apple的意見回饋區就這麼寫著: ● We would love to hear your comments about any of our hardware and software products.  我們歡迎任何關於產品或軟體的寶貴意見。   人們往往會記得開頭與結束,讓簡報順利結尾,給人留下深刻印象吧! 文/Zoe Chou 延伸閱讀:為什麼祝賀要加”S”?揪出英文中的一字之差
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Zoe Chou said
日常生活中常見的一些用語,錯誤經常只是一字之差;這一字之差,卻可以讓你的英文不再鬧笑話,甚至完全講錯意思。 1.The amount of radiation from cell phones is less compared to microwaves. (手機幅射量比微波爐少。) → The amount of radiation from cell phones is low compared to microwaves. 幅射量的多少,英文用high或low。 2.He will be here after 10 minutes. (他十分鐘之後會到。) → He will be here in 10 minutes. 當你要表達在一段時間內某個動作可以完成時,一定要用in,而不能用after,因為after是指在某一時間之後,after 10 minutes是指十分鐘以後的任何時間,二十分鐘,三十分鐘都有可能。例如:This work will be done in two days. 即表明在兩天內這一工作一定會做完;而如用了after,即表示在兩天之後,完成的時間是不確定的。 3.This is where you mistake. (這就是你弄錯了的地方。) → This is where you are mistaken. Mistaken是形容詞,意思是「錯誤的」。 4.Congratulation! You have passed the test at long last. (恭禧,你已經通過這項考試。) → Congratulations! You have passed the test at long last. 很多人會問為什麼祝賀要加”S”,以複數型式呈現?在英文裡,有些抽象名詞會以複數形式用來表示強調。像:congratulations、regards、respects、thanks、 wishes、apologies、pities、kindnesses等。 5.She suspected him for taking her money. (她懷疑他拿走她的錢。) → She suspected him of taking her money. suspect sb of (doing) sth=猜測某人做某事,其中用介詞 of,不用 for。如:We suspect him of telling lies.(我們懷疑他說謊)。  文/英語島雜誌 延伸閱讀:"Any questions?" 這樣講到底對不對  
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Zoe Chou said
找出英文錯誤,像擦掉眼鏡上的一層霧水! Debug She's my senior. 她是我主管。 He is a freshman. 他是新來的同事。 I'll receive my salary next week. 我下星期領薪水。 Did you take a holiday? 你休了一天假? What are your hobbies? 你平常喜歡做什麼? My hobby is shopping. 我的興趣是逛街。 I have an appointment with a friend. 我和朋友有約。  Debug Answer 1. She's over (above) me./She is my boss. Senior是指長輩,表示上司用boss或superior. 表示上司不用senior. 2. He is a new recruit. Freshman是指大學入學新生。New recruit是指公司的新進入員。 3. I'll get paid next week. Receive salary像中文直譯,不自然,領薪水英文有固定用法,用get paid。 4. Did you take a day off? Holiday的意思是假日、公休日,一般休假,用take a day off較好。 5. What do you do in your free time? 談業餘愛好,What do you do in your free time? 是最自然的方式。What are your hobbies? 較常用於小孩談興趣,在成人詞彙較少用。 6. I like to go shopping. 中文裡,即使把吃東西當興趣也正常。但在英文中,睡、吃、喝酒、購物等每天都在做的事不能說成是hobby。 7. I have to meet a friend. appointment是指為特別的事情與別人約定或預約。例如,為讓醫生診斷而去醫院,為談生意和往來商家的人見面等場合用的字。和朋友見面之類的約會不說成appointment。表示有與朋友見而的約會,除了例句中的表達之外,還可以用I'm going to meet a friend. 
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Zoe Chou said
英文要道地,生活會話上的片語最能讓你的英文活靈活現。閱讀以下藏著 bug 的句子,找出適當的用語。   Tom pressed his face into the window for fun. 湯姆惡作劇地將臉壓在窗戶上。  We were crazy for playing at Jack's house. 我們去傑克家裡瘋狂的玩。  Washing dishes let Jane's hands painful. 洗碗讓珍的手痛。  Play the piano lightly. 輕輕地彈鋼琴。  After touching the marketing step by step, I feel the marketing is amazing. 在一步步接觸行銷領域後,我才覺得行銷真是奇妙。  Answer 1. Tom pressed his face against the window for fun. 將臉往窗戶上壓, 有將臉 "與窗戶做對抗" 的概念,介係詞要用against。 2. We just crashed the party at Jack's house.用“ Crash the party “ 表示在家開party來形容瘋狂,為美國人常用的生活會話。be crazy for/about 會變成對某人或某事很執著、瘋狂熱愛,意思不同。 3. Washing dishes gives Jane pain in her hands.此句要以擬人化 give someone pain in 來生動的表示洗碗帶給珍的痛處。let在中文裡譯成「讓」,帶有允許的意思。 4. Play the piano with a light touch.“lightly'' 表示輕輕地,但沒有辦法形容'' 觸碰"到鋼琴;所以要用 "with a light touch"。 5. After I got to know more about art, I found it was amazing.「一步步接觸行銷」,說成了touching the marketing step by step是中式的英文,最好說get to know more。  你找出幾個bug了呢? 文/世界公民文化中心
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Zoe Chou said
Ann代表公司參加雞尾酒會,與會的廠商多是跟公司合作密切的夥伴,這時迎面走來一位外國人拿著一杯酒,邊揮手邊迎面走來,Ann對他的印象不深,這時Ann心想:「完蛋了,我想不起來他到底叫什麼名字阿?」不知道直接問:「What's your name?」會不會失禮? 避免忘記名時打招呼的尷尬,請記住: 1、Your name is on the tip of my tongue.(你的名字我一時叫不出來。) on the tip of one’s tongue 字面上是「在..的舌尖上」,很像是我們常說的「熊熊想不起來」的意思。 2、I'm really sorry, but your name escapes me at the moment. Could you tell me again please?(真抱歉,一時間想不起你的名字,能再說一次嗎?) 這裡用escape,這個字我們熟悉的意思是「逃跑」、「溜掉」,想像一下,那個名字原來記得的,只是從記憶中溜掉,很有實境的語感。 3、I’m sorry I don’t recall your name.(我很抱歉,我想不起來你的名字。) 4、What was your name again?(你可以再說一次你的名字嗎?) 5、Can you remind me what your name is?(你可以提醒我你的名字是…?) [對話情境] 如果你不想讓對方發現你其實是真的忘記了他的名字,你可以先假裝問對方的名字,大家多半會直覺告訴你他們的first name,等到他們講完了,再修正問題,告訴他們其實你只是要問他們的last name。 A: What was your name again? B: Ethan. A: No, no, your last name. B: Oh, Kegley. Ethan Kegley. 當對方又告訴你一次他的名字之後,不要忘記要先說聲抱歉,才不會讓人覺得你很沒禮貌,再來就可以直接進入談話的內容了。 A: I’m sorry I don’t recall your name. What was your name again? B: It’s Ethan. A: Oh yes, of course, I’m so sorry! Ethan, of course. Please forgive me. 文/世界公民文化中心 
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Zoe Chou said
10 Tricks to Appear Smart During Meetings   Like everyone, appearing smart during meetings is my top priority. Sometimes this can be difficult if you start daydreaming about your next vacation, your next nap, or bacon. When this happens, it’s good to have some fallback tricks to fall back on. Here are my ten favorite tricks for quickly appearing smart during meetings. 1. Draw a Venn diagram Getting up and drawing a Venn diagram is a great way to appear smart. It doesn't matter if your Venn diagram is wildly inaccurate, in fact, the more inaccurate the better. Even before you've put that marker down, your colleagues will begin fighting about what exactly the labels should be and how big the circles should be, etc. At this point, you can slink back to your chair and go back to playing Candy Crush on your phone. 2. Translate percentage metrics into fractions If someone says “About 25% of all users click on this button,” quickly chime in with, “So about 1 in 4,” and make a note of it. Everyone will nod their head in agreement, secretly impressed and envious of your quick math skills. 3. Encourage everyone to “take a step back” There comes a point in most meetings where everyone is chiming in, except you. Opinions and data and milestones are being thrown around and you don’t know your CTA from your OTA. This is a great point to go, “Guys, guys, guys, can we take a step back here?” Everyone will turn their heads toward you, amazed at your ability to silence the fray. Follow it up with a quick, “What problem are we really trying to solve?” and, boom! You've bought yourself another hour of looking smart. 4. Nod continuously while pretending to take notes Always bring a notepad with you. Your rejection of technology will be revered. Take notes by simply writing down one word from every sentence that you hear. Nod continuously while doing so. If someone asks you if you’re taking notes, quickly say that these are your own personal notes and that someone else should really be keeping a record of the meeting. Bravo compadre. You've saved your ass, and you've gotten out of doing any extra work. Or any work at all, if you’re truly succeeding. 5. Repeat the last thing the engineer said, but very very slowly Make a mental note of the engineer in the room. Remember his name. He’ll be quiet throughout most of the meeting, but when his moment comes everything out of his mouth will spring from a place of unknowable brilliance. After he utters these divine words, chime in with, “Let me just repeat that,” and repeat exactly what he just said, but very, very slowly. Now, his brilliance has been transferred to you. People will look back on the meeting and mistakenly attribute the intelligent statement to you. 6. Ask “Will this scale?” no matter what it is It’s important to find out if things will scale no matter what it is you’re discussing. No one even really knows what that means, but it’s a good catch-all question that generally applies and drives engineers nuts. 7. Pace around the room Whenever someone gets up from the table and walks around, don’t you immediately respect them? I know I do. It takes a lot of guts but once you do it, you immediately appear smart. Fold your arms. Walk around. Go to the corner and lean against the wall. Take a deep, contemplative sigh. Trust me, everyone will be shitting their pants wondering what you’re thinking. If only they knew (bacon). 8. Ask the presenter to go back a slide “Sorry, could you go back a slide?” They’re the seven words no presenter wants to hear. It doesn't matter where in the presentation you shout this out, it’ll immediately make you look like you’re paying closer attention than everyone else is, because clearly they missed the thing that you’re about to brilliantly point out. Don’t have anything to point out? Just say something like, “I’m not sure what these numbers mean,” and sit back. You've bought yourself almost an entire meeting of appearing smart. 9. Step out for a phone call You’re probably afraid to step out of the room because you fear people will think you aren't making the meeting a priority. Interestingly, however, if you step out of a meeting for an “important” phone call, they’ll all realize just how busy and important you are. They’ll say, “Wow, this meeting is important, so if he has something even more important than this, well, we better not bother him.” 10. Make fun of yourself If someone asks what you think, and you honestly didn't hear a single word anyone said for the last hour, just say, “I honestly didn't hear a single word anyone said for the last hour.” People love self-deprecating humor. Say things like, “Maybe we can just use the lawyers from my divorce,” or “God I wish I was dead.” They’ll laugh, value your honesty, consider contacting H.R., but most importantly, think you’re the smartest looking person in the room. 
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Whom money has turned us into?  有錢讓我們更自私?  文/ Claire Peng  閱讀暖身  李奧納多主演的「華爾街之狼」,勾勒出荒淫、墮落、紙醉金迷的金錢世界,追逐財富的代價,是人性變得更自私自利。美國柏克萊大學的社會心理學家保羅‧皮福,用有趣的實驗,讓我們檢視赤裸裸的人性,你會恍然大悟:為什麼有錢人講話那麼大聲?! 進入本文前,請先想想怎麼表達以下單字:  (A) 良心 (B) 權力 (C) 加劇 ; 惡化  It’s 8:30 in the morning. You know you are going to be late for work again. You are standing in a long queue to get your coffee and breakfast, complaining to the waiter for not delivering your order promptly. After an exhausting day at work, you feel like going home immediately. You start messaging your friend after spotting a seat on the MRT without seeing a five-year-old girl standing just in front of you.  早上八點半,你知道你今天上班又要遲到了。你排在很長的隊伍裡等著買咖啡和早餐,一邊抱怨服務生動作不夠快速。待上了一整天班,你筋疲力盡,ㄧ心只想著趕快回家。一上捷運,看見有位置就立刻坐下,開始拿出你的手機傳訊息給朋友,沒有注意到一位五歲的小女孩就站在你面前。  The scenario is familiar to all of us; or we can say it happens to us or around us almost every single day. We tend to prioritize our needs above the interests of other people. When having a bad A) conscience, we would come up with a whole bunch of excuses to justify our behaviors. It makes us wonder if the hustle and bustle of life in the big city has turned us into ruthless people. How does money affect the way we behave? A famous social psychologist, Paul Piff, uses a rigged monopoly game to answer the question.  這樣的場景我們一點都不陌生,幾乎每一天都可以看見我們自己或是別人做出類似的行為。我們往往優先考慮自己的需求大過於他人的利益。當心裡出現良心不安,我們總是可以想到一大堆理由來合理化自己的行為。這讓我們不禁疑惑,生活在喧擾繁忙的大城市裡,我們是不是早已變得冷酷無情?到底金錢對於我們的行為有什麼影響?著名的社會心理學家保羅‧皮福用一場精心設計的大富翁遊戲來回答這個問題。 Paul and his research group conducted a study at the University of California, Berkeley, to look into how people behave when feeling wealthy. They brought more than 100 pairs of strangers into the lab to play the monopoly game. One of the players in each pair was assigned as the “privileged” one and the other one as the “poor” one. The privileged players collected twice the salary on passing “Go” and rolled two dice rather than one.  為了研究當人類感受到富有時的行為,保羅和他的研究團隊在加州柏克萊大學進行一個實驗。他們將100 對彼此不認識的陌生人帶到實驗室裡玩大富翁。每對玩家裡面有一位分配到優勢權,而另一位是相對弱勢。具有優勢的玩家在通過起點的時候都能領取兩倍的錢,並且每回可以骰兩顆骰子,而另一位玩家只能骰一顆骰子。  Significant differences between the privileged and the poor players were revealed as the game unfolded. The rich ones became louder, followed by display of power and dominance through nonverbal language. The privileged players even behaved in ruder ways towards the poor ones 1) as a means of showing off their material success. The experiment demonstrates that as one’s wealth goes up, one’s feelings of compassion and empathy decrease while self-focus and feelings of B) entitlement increase. 2) On top of that, some research showcases that financial inequality undermines positive things in the society, such as economic growth, social trust, and educational performance.  兩位玩家在遊戲開始之後便展現出極大的差異。有錢的那位玩家聲音變得越來越大聲,並用肢體動作展現出自己的權力和優越感。他們甚至開始對於貧窮的玩家變得無禮,並以物質上的優越作為炫耀。此實驗顯示,隨著一個人的財富增加,對他人的同情心和同理心會下降,並且自我中心和權力的意識會增強。除此之外,有研究顯示財富不均會危害社會的積極面向, 如經濟成長、社會信任和教育成效。  The Global Wealth Report in 2013 shows that the top 10% of the world population own close to 83% percent of the total wealth while half of the population possesses barely 1% of global wealth. It also suggests that economic growth has C) exacerbated this income inequality. As governments around the world try to grow their economies we should perhaps ask ourselves how much economic growth are we willing to compromise, if any, for the wellbeing of our fellow citizens?  2013 年全球財富報告指出,世界人口中10% 富豪佔了近83%的全世界總財富,但全球一半的人口僅擁有1%的全球財富。這也顯示出經濟發展加劇了財富不均的現象。當全球政府都致力於發展經濟的同時,我們不禁要反問: 為了人民的福祉,多大的經濟成長是我們可以妥協的?  口語字彙: 1) as a means of 作為…的方式 mean 當動詞用是「意味著」,means 是名詞,原意是「手段」或「方法」,結尾一定要記得 加s。有個常見的片語by no means,意思是「絕不」。 E.g., Silence is also considered a means of communication. 沉默也被視為是一種溝通方式。 E.g., By no means do I agree with this time. 我這次絕不會同意你的看法。  2) on top of… 了解狀況/除…之外 當了解狀況解釋時,可以表示掌握最新狀況, 或處理某事很成功。 E.g., You can ask Susan about the case. She is on top of it. 你可以詢問蘇珊有關情況, 她最了解。 The boss asked her to stay on top of the things. 老闆要求她要好好處理事情。 當除.. 之外時, 也可換成in addition to/ besides/ apart from + 名詞 / 動名詞 (Ving)。 Claire was good at English throughout her undergraduate studies, but on top of that, she excelled in her art subjects too. Claire 在大學的時候英文很好。除此之外,她也很擅長藝術相關科目。 參考資料:Ted Talk 
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上班族的工作場合中,經常使用的一些對話、或電子郵件往來,其實隱藏了許多你過去不曾發現的錯誤英文。The meeting will be on Monday. Are you available? I know it's pretty late notice.  會議會在周一舉行。你時間上可以嗎?我知道通知得很倉促。 → The meeting will be on Monday. Are you available? I know it's pretty short notice. (Short notice:很晚才通知,是一個慣用語。) 發現更多錯英文:http://goo.gl/hrrYjH  -- Source: 英語島雜誌
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英文Email錯誤率最高的一個字,其中有一個你一定沒想到,是appreciate(謝謝)! 很多人不想要一再用thank you/thanks,,,,,.,很自然地appreciate這個字就派上用場了。 我們來看三句經典錯誤示範: (X) I appreciate you for giving us this opportunity to introduce our new product.  謝謝你給我們機會向您介紹我們的新產品。 (X)  We would appreciate if you would arrange for immediate payment.  如果能立即付款,我們會很感激。. (X)  I will appreciate an interview with you。.  希望能有面試的機會。 你知道錯在哪裡? 仔細來看看appreciate,這個字一般字典都解釋為“欣賞、感謝”,再延伸有"升值"意思。這意思看起來沒甚麼關聯,其實它們都是源自同一個本意 “清楚某件事的價值、重要性而對其表達推崇之意”。理解、欣賞、激賞、讚賞、感激,甚至連升值都在同一條意義軸線上。 (O) I appreciate his generosity. 我讚賞他的慷慨大方。 (O) I appreciate the difficulty. 我理解這種困難。 (O) The RMB may appreciate by around 7-8% in 2014. 人民幣2014年可能會升值7%至8%。 再來看用法,appreciate這個字和thank恰恰相反,thank後面接人,appreciate後面不接人,而接一件事。 (O) I appreciate your kindness. 謝謝你的好意。 (X) I appreciate you for your kindness. (O) He thanked her for her kindness. 他感謝她的好意。 (X) He thanked her kindness.   Appreciate後面可以加if或when引導的子句,但這時需要加一個"it": We really appreciate it when she offered to help. 她來幫忙了,我們十分感激。   Appreciate也常出現在履歷表上,但這個字不要亂用。 很多人會在email最後寫道: I am appreciating an interview with you I'm appreciating you 或者 I appreciate your help。 其實都是不妥的。 I'm appreciating 就是我在感激,等於說,我都謝過你了,別人還沒有請我們去interview,不必先表達感激。說"I look forward to hearing from you." 即可。 而I appreciate your help 其實是 I'd appreciate your help,只是"d"讀來很小聲,但還是有。 是不是知道一開始那3句讓怎麼改才對? >> I thank you for giving us this opportunity to introduce our new product. >> We would appreciate it if you would arrange for immediate payment. >> I look forward to hearing from you soon. -- Source: 世界公民文化中心  
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