Curious

英語島交誼廳
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Lien said
Bob和國外經銷商簡報完要送客,她說: I will show you the door. 只見客戶愣了一愣…這句話哪裡說錯了嗎? 你以為是「我送你到門口。」 但其實是我想請你滾蛋。 這句的英文原意是「大門就在那裡」,是下逐客令、要別人滾出去的意思。 E.g. Be quiet, or I will show you the door. (安靜,否則我會叫你滾出去。) 送客正解:I will show you to the door. 或 I will walk you out. 面試會場 新鮮人的人生第一場面試,鼓起勇氣向面試官推銷自己: "I am a confidence man." 你以為是「我是個有自信的人。」,但其實是:我是個騙子。 confidence是自信、信任,但confidence man專指詐騙錢財的騙子或詐欺者。 E.g. We finally realized that he was a confidence man. (最終我們發現他是個騙子。) 有自信的人應該說: I am a confident man.  午餐對話 午餐時間一到,準備登高一呼,邀大家一塊到小吃店,一開口 "Were you out to lunch?" 你以為是「你去吃午餐了嗎?」,但其實是你瘋了嗎? out to lunch是一個俚語,指的是瘋狂或心不在焉,擺明是在教訓別人。 E.g. Wow, my boss is out to lunch. 問別人呷飽沒: Did you eat yet?   會議桌 隔著會議桌,正反兩方熱烈激辯新投資案的利與弊,這時突然出現一句: "What is your meaning?" 你以為是「你的意思是什麼?」 但其實是你在這裡有意義嗎? 感覺是在諷刺對方沒有存在的必要,太過分。 「意思」在中文裡多半是名詞,但在英文裡mean比較常作動詞。 E.g. What does this word mean in English? 想請別人再解釋一遍他的意思: What do you mean?  本文收錄於英語島English Island 2014年12月號訂閱雜誌 
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Zoe Chou said
Hi > Dear 商業Email沒有老師教,所以辦公室流竄著以訛傳訛的Email格式,與不合時宜的說法。想像收到一封信開頭是「親愛的女士/先生」,恐怕會認為是廣告垃圾信件吧,英文Email也是同樣的道理。 不要小看Email,好的Email讓人覺得你專業、有條理、明快。怎麼寫,看這張表就清楚。 Part 1. Dear已過時,Hi才是商業Email標準用法 還在用"Dear"判斷同仁有沒有禮貌的人注意了,英語系國家現在大多使用較輕鬆友善的"Hi"。 Dear Angel, 其實沒有錯,只是就像銀行或其他服務寄來的「親愛的顧客您好…」,現在看起來有點太矯揉。       Dears,                Dear Both, 兩種用法都是台灣人自行發明,往來國外Email請避免。     Hello/Hi,                 Hi Everyone,                Dear Team Members,                Hey Folks, 更輕鬆的用法,請用在和熟人溝通。              Angel, 過去我們認為沒有招呼語很失禮,事實上現在是可以直接稱呼名字的。 Part 2. 「由於」還是導致班機延誤 在Email中交代事由,抱著有單字就用的心態,小心鬧笑話。 The bad weather resulted from the delay of the flight.   The bad weather resulted in the delay of the flight.    壞天氣導致班機延誤,result in是導致,result from是由於,可以這樣記:from something一定是原因。另一個常見錯誤是,認為Due to=because of,其實due to更像caused by(起因於),而且前面要加be動詞。    The meeting was cancelled due to the rain.     The cancellation of the meeting is due to the rain.  Part 3. 「先謝謝了」很惹人厭   Thank you in advance意味著對方已經同意你的要求,讓看信的人不舒服,這是心態上的錯誤,老中或老外都會犯。更好的說法是:    Thank you for considering my request.               I will be grateful for the help.                  I hope you will be able to provide the information. Part 4. Appreciate不是Thank you   I appreciate you for the opportunity.      I appreciate the opportunity.      Thank you for the opportunity.     He thanked for the opportunity.  Part 5. 謎樣的錯誤   If any question, please let me know.     如有任何問題,請讓我知道。這句話少了「有」。正確說法是:    If there is any question, please let me know. 本文收錄於英語島English Island 2014年7月號 訂閱雜誌 
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Lien said
你想過嗎?貧窮、疾病、全球暖化、教育資源不足…要是這些問題透過玩遊戲的方式就能迎刃而解,那世界該有多美好?簡直就像迪士尼電影的情節。 Jessica 五歲時告訴老師,她未來的夢想是幫助別人。青少年時期,她母親形容這個孩子「點子多到令人頭痛」。大三那年,當其他同學都在忙著找工作,她推出了第一項發明 發電足球 The SOCCKET。 "There's nothing more exciting to me than the idea of harnessing the passion around the world's most popular sport, and turning it into usable power— literal power, yes, but also the figurative power that comes with believing in your potential to make a meaningful impact in this world" — Jessica O. Matthews How it Works】 非洲孩子的足球 — The SOCCKET
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Zoe Chou said
中文的「有」在英文裡是一個變形金剛,它有各式不同的表現型式。一般我們想到「有」,不外是has/have或there is/are,很多時候不是不對,而是很怪。 請你把這幾句中文說成英文: 1.  今晚電視有一個很有趣的節目。(there is) 2.  有三個人站在那兒。 3.  游泳池假日有開嗎? 4.  這款手機有三個顏色。(come in) 5.  有保固期嗎?(come with) 6.  它有標準的32MB容量,可以擴充至512MB。(come with) 7.  這有道理嗎?(make) 想好了嗎?來看看解說吧! 1.「有」一個有趣的節目,是一種存在的有,是各位熟悉的: There is an interesting program on television tonight. 2&3.很多時候,「有」是虛字,根本不必在英文中出現: Is the swimming pool available on weekend? (游泳池周末開放嗎?) 就像「有三個人站在那裡」,那個「有」是虛字。 Three people are standing there. 4.「有」三種顏色,這樣的有,並不是擁有,而是生產時就做了三個顏色。 This model comes in 3 colors. 5&6.「有」保固期嗎?或有某種配備,這個「有」是只附加在上面的有,用come with。 Does it come with warranty? It comes with standard 32MB that is expandable up to 512MB. 7.有沒有道理是直接用 Does it make sense? 中文的「有」會以各種不同型式出現,除了own或possess之外,consist of/cover/include……也都是「有」的變形。  文/世界公民文化中心 
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Zoe Chou said
學英文的人大抵要經歷兩個過程,由簡入繁,再由繁入簡,最高明的境界是用最簡單的語言把一件事情說清楚。 今天介紹的這6個句子都是很簡單的句子,也都是你認得的字,但一開口說出來,高下立辨。 1、Let's push it back to next week.(我們把(會議)延遲到下周吧。) 延期我們習慣用postpone,push back更口語,有「推」的動作。如果是時間往前提,就用bring forward,一樣是非常實用的片語。例句:We decided to bring forward the date of the next meeting.(我們決定將下一次會議的日期提前。) 2、You're cutting it a bit fine, aren't you?(你把時間卡得太緊了吧?) 時間或預算卡得很太緊,你第一個想到的字大概是tight,現在你可以用cut it fine或cut it close來表達。 3、I got loads out of it.(我從中學到了很多東西。) 你當然可以說I learn a lot. 但偶爾換一下新鮮說法,參加一個研討會,收穫很多,這句就派上用場:I got loads out of it. 4、Can I pick your brains for a second?(能否請你借一下你的腦袋?) 這是和熟人之間有點俏皮的對話。你可以直接問Can you help me? 但用pick your brains顯得你看重的是對方的腦力,而不是勞力,人家也許更樂意幫忙了。 5、That figures.(怪不得/原來如此) figure這個字我們習慣的用法是figure out,意思是「瞭解、明白」。That figures. 意思是這件事,可以想見,或是像中文的口語「怪不得」、「在意料之中」、「原來如此」。 6、I am at your service at any time.(隨時都樂於為您服務。) 這句話很簡單,卻是客戶喜歡聽的話。有時候也會以更簡單的形式出現,例如客戶有一個新產品發表會,希望你提一份企劃畫,你胸有成竹,就可以說:No problem. At your service。  文/世界公民文化中心
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Zoe Chou said
經濟崩壞的新生存指南:「多職能工作者」 Create Your Own Portfolio Career  「我要創業!」大四那年,J 小姐就立下這個職涯目標。新聞系畢業的她,出了社會自然而然投入媒體做記者,她特別選擇跑財經與商業路線,一心以為自己會在商界訪談的耳濡目染下,忽然想出什麼好的生意點子。然而,即使出國念了個 MBA(企管碩士)回來,她仍然不知道要創什麼業。直到有一天,她拿到了一張美國人的名片,上面印著大學教職、企業顧問、編劇等多元專業。對方說:"I listed all the things I can do well and made my own portfolio career." 從此以後,「portfolio career」(多職能工作組合)一詞深植J 小姐的心中,她想,與其天馬行空地找創業點子,不如實實在在地列出、並整合自己的所有專長,為客戶提供服務,這不就是一條自立門戶的道路嗎? 進入本文前,請先想想以下單字: (A)有利可圖的  (B)務實的  (C)適應性 The word "portfolio" is often used to describe a collection of assets held by an institution or a private individual to ensure a stable return of investment. It is based on the concept of not putting all your eggs in one basket. The idea of a "portfolio career" is just like that. It involves multiple identities and the income may come from part-time employment, temporary work, freelance assignments or a personal business. Some portfolio careerists even have a full-time job, but will arrange their time to pursue other (A) lucrative interests. 「投資組合」一詞經常用來指機構或個人持有的多元資產,藉此確保穩定的投資收益。它的基本概念就是避免把所有的雞蛋都放在同一個籃子裡。而「多職能工作組合」也是同樣的想法。一個多職能工作者可能具備多重身份,收入也來自不同管道,譬如兼職工作、臨時業務、外包案件或個人事業等,有些人甚至仍保有全職工作,再另外善用時間去追求其他有利可圖的業務。 A Portfolio Career is undoubtedly an emerging trend. Barrie Hopson, co-author of "10 Steps to Creating a Portfolio Career" says that this type of career offers a safety net—if you lose one or choose to quit a job, you'll still have other sources of income, which is very attractive during the economic recession. (1) On the other hand, a much more fulfilling work-life blend is offered—for some people, it is even more rewarding than paychecks. "Increasingly, people are finding that they don't want to do the same thing (2)day in and day out," Hopson says. "The traditional, single-track career pattern of the last century is now more difficult to find, and if you do pursue that, you'll almost certainly have to move between companies." 「多職能工作組合」無疑是職場的一種新趨勢。暢銷書《創造多職能工作組合的十個步驟》作者之一巴里 • 霍普生表示,這樣的工作形式提供了一張安全網—如果你丟了工作或者選擇辭職,你仍然會有其他收入來源,這個優點在經濟衰退時期非常有吸引力。另一方面,人們藉由這種方式獲得更充實的工作與生活配置—對某些人來說,這比實質的薪資更有價值。「人們漸漸發現自己並不想每天都在做同樣的事,現今也很難找到像上個世紀一樣傳統而單一路線的職涯模式,倘若你追求的是那種舊時代的職涯,你幾乎肯定要在不同的公司間跳來跳去。」 Creating a portfolio career is also a (B) down-to-earth way to start a business. After figuring out which skills you have and how you can make them work, you may (3)carve out a career for yourself. 建立「多職能工作組合」也是一種務實的創業方式。在了解自己擁有什麼技能,以及如何藉由這些技能生存,你或許就能闖出一番事業。 Even if you don't have a plan to leave the traditional work environment, you should still have the spirit of a portfolio careerist. By juggling multiple careers, you have increased flexibility and (C) adaptability, which are two key skills every employee in this post-economic downturn needs to succeed in the future. 即使你沒有離開傳統工作環境的打算,也應該具備多職能工作者的精神,因為將多個工作玩弄於股掌之間,你會變得靈活而有適應性,這兩項特質是職場人士在後經濟衰退時代取得成功的關鍵條件。 口語字彙 (1) On the other hand 另一方面 Ex: Investing in a stock market can be profitable. On the other hand, we should also take the risks we might encounter into consideration.  投資股市是有利可圖的。但另一方面,也要將可能遇到的風險列入考量範圍。 這檔基金加碼投資美國股市。 (2) Day in and day out 日復一日; 每天 Ex: Jessica has worked day in and day out for this company for twenty years. Jessica 每天上下班,已經在這家公司工作二十年的時間了。 (3) carve out 原意是「雕刻」,這裡指的是比較抽象的「開創」、「規劃」出自己的未來。 Ex: It's difficult to carve out a niche in a design industry. 要在設計產業有一席之地是很困難的。 
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Zoe Chou said
日常生活中常見的一些用語,錯誤經常只是一字之差;這一字之差,卻可以讓你的英文不再鬧笑話,甚至完全講錯意思。 1.The amount of radiation from cell phones is less compared to microwaves. (手機幅射量比微波爐少。) → The amount of radiation from cell phones is low compared to microwaves. 幅射量的多少,英文用high或low。 2.He will be here after 10 minutes. (他十分鐘之後會到。) → He will be here in 10 minutes. 當你要表達在一段時間內某個動作可以完成時,一定要用in,而不能用after,因為after是指在某一時間之後,after 10 minutes是指十分鐘以後的任何時間,二十分鐘,三十分鐘都有可能。例如:This work will be done in two days. 即表明在兩天內這一工作一定會做完;而如用了after,即表示在兩天之後,完成的時間是不確定的。 3.This is where you mistake. (這就是你弄錯了的地方。) → This is where you are mistaken. Mistaken是形容詞,意思是「錯誤的」。 4.Congratulation! You have passed the test at long last. (恭禧,你已經通過這項考試。) → Congratulations! You have passed the test at long last. 很多人會問為什麼祝賀要加”S”,以複數型式呈現?在英文裡,有些抽象名詞會以複數形式用來表示強調。像:congratulations、regards、respects、thanks、 wishes、apologies、pities、kindnesses等。 5.She suspected him for taking her money. (她懷疑他拿走她的錢。) → She suspected him of taking her money. suspect sb of (doing) sth=猜測某人做某事,其中用介詞 of,不用 for。如:We suspect him of telling lies.(我們懷疑他說謊)。  文/英語島雜誌 延伸閱讀:"Any questions?" 這樣講到底對不對  
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Zoe Chou said
Daniel邀他的英國同事參加品酒會。英國同事回答:I have a weakness for fine wine. Daniel心想,既然同事說酒是他的弱點,那一定是不去了。想不到他居然要一道來,這是怎麼回事? 老外說的have a weakness for something其實不是指弱點,而是「完全沒有招架能力」。如果有人說:I have a weakness for chocolate. 就是指他喜愛巧克力喜愛得不得了。 這裡的weakness(名詞)意爲「嗜好、癖好」,而不是「弱點、缺點」。Have a weakness 後面還常常加人,例如:John has a weakness for Mary. I think he's in love. 來看看幾個看似理所當然,卻又不是那麼一回事的英文表達: 1. You're not even close!  (X)你還沒有關門。 (O)你還差太遠。 這句話在美劇上常常出現,有時更簡略,用not even close也可以。close 是近的意思,not even close 便是「差得遠哩」的意思。 對話例子: A: Did I give you the right answer?  B: Not even close. 2. Get a life. (X)獲得重生。 (O)找點正經事做吧! Get a life! 是美國人對一些無所事事的人常說的一句話。表面意思好像是「去過你的生活」﹐但「潛台詞」就是說You have no life。 3. Don't worry. You're in good hands. (X)別擔心。你手好好的。 (O)別擔心。你把事情交到專家手上了。 這句話很好用。對你的客戶,服務的對象,讓他們安心,就可以這麼說。in good hands是「被可靠的人所照料」,如:David is an experienced tour guide. We are in good hands.(大衛是位有經驗的導遊,我們是被可靠的人所照料。) 4. Knock it off! (X)敲敲門。 (O)別鬧了。 叫人住嘴、住手,停止讓人心煩的一個動作,最常用的一句話是knock it off。 5. What’s cooking?  (X)你在烹調什麽食物? (O)怎麼了? 意爲「發生了什麽事?」,與「烹調、煮」無關。例如大家約了去喝點飲料,意見很多,你可以說:Hey, you guys, what's cooking? Are we going out for a drink or not? 
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Tracy Wu said
We always try to express our feelings in different words, apart from happy, sad, depressed, or joyful. Then, how can we express appropriately? Here's the solution! The feeling from A~Z!  So, how do you feel today?  Resource: Pinterest
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Zoe Chou said
英文要道地,生活會話上的片語最能讓你的英文活靈活現。閱讀以下藏著 bug 的句子,找出適當的用語。   Tom pressed his face into the window for fun. 湯姆惡作劇地將臉壓在窗戶上。  We were crazy for playing at Jack's house. 我們去傑克家裡瘋狂的玩。  Washing dishes let Jane's hands painful. 洗碗讓珍的手痛。  Play the piano lightly. 輕輕地彈鋼琴。  After touching the marketing step by step, I feel the marketing is amazing. 在一步步接觸行銷領域後,我才覺得行銷真是奇妙。  Answer 1. Tom pressed his face against the window for fun. 將臉往窗戶上壓, 有將臉 "與窗戶做對抗" 的概念,介係詞要用against。 2. We just crashed the party at Jack's house.用“ Crash the party “ 表示在家開party來形容瘋狂,為美國人常用的生活會話。be crazy for/about 會變成對某人或某事很執著、瘋狂熱愛,意思不同。 3. Washing dishes gives Jane pain in her hands.此句要以擬人化 give someone pain in 來生動的表示洗碗帶給珍的痛處。let在中文裡譯成「讓」,帶有允許的意思。 4. Play the piano with a light touch.“lightly'' 表示輕輕地,但沒有辦法形容'' 觸碰"到鋼琴;所以要用 "with a light touch"。 5. After I got to know more about art, I found it was amazing.「一步步接觸行銷」,說成了touching the marketing step by step是中式的英文,最好說get to know more。  你找出幾個bug了呢? 文/世界公民文化中心
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Zoe Chou said
10 Tricks to Appear Smart During Meetings   Like everyone, appearing smart during meetings is my top priority. Sometimes this can be difficult if you start daydreaming about your next vacation, your next nap, or bacon. When this happens, it’s good to have some fallback tricks to fall back on. Here are my ten favorite tricks for quickly appearing smart during meetings. 1. Draw a Venn diagram Getting up and drawing a Venn diagram is a great way to appear smart. It doesn't matter if your Venn diagram is wildly inaccurate, in fact, the more inaccurate the better. Even before you've put that marker down, your colleagues will begin fighting about what exactly the labels should be and how big the circles should be, etc. At this point, you can slink back to your chair and go back to playing Candy Crush on your phone. 2. Translate percentage metrics into fractions If someone says “About 25% of all users click on this button,” quickly chime in with, “So about 1 in 4,” and make a note of it. Everyone will nod their head in agreement, secretly impressed and envious of your quick math skills. 3. Encourage everyone to “take a step back” There comes a point in most meetings where everyone is chiming in, except you. Opinions and data and milestones are being thrown around and you don’t know your CTA from your OTA. This is a great point to go, “Guys, guys, guys, can we take a step back here?” Everyone will turn their heads toward you, amazed at your ability to silence the fray. Follow it up with a quick, “What problem are we really trying to solve?” and, boom! You've bought yourself another hour of looking smart. 4. Nod continuously while pretending to take notes Always bring a notepad with you. Your rejection of technology will be revered. Take notes by simply writing down one word from every sentence that you hear. Nod continuously while doing so. If someone asks you if you’re taking notes, quickly say that these are your own personal notes and that someone else should really be keeping a record of the meeting. Bravo compadre. You've saved your ass, and you've gotten out of doing any extra work. Or any work at all, if you’re truly succeeding. 5. Repeat the last thing the engineer said, but very very slowly Make a mental note of the engineer in the room. Remember his name. He’ll be quiet throughout most of the meeting, but when his moment comes everything out of his mouth will spring from a place of unknowable brilliance. After he utters these divine words, chime in with, “Let me just repeat that,” and repeat exactly what he just said, but very, very slowly. Now, his brilliance has been transferred to you. People will look back on the meeting and mistakenly attribute the intelligent statement to you. 6. Ask “Will this scale?” no matter what it is It’s important to find out if things will scale no matter what it is you’re discussing. No one even really knows what that means, but it’s a good catch-all question that generally applies and drives engineers nuts. 7. Pace around the room Whenever someone gets up from the table and walks around, don’t you immediately respect them? I know I do. It takes a lot of guts but once you do it, you immediately appear smart. Fold your arms. Walk around. Go to the corner and lean against the wall. Take a deep, contemplative sigh. Trust me, everyone will be shitting their pants wondering what you’re thinking. If only they knew (bacon). 8. Ask the presenter to go back a slide “Sorry, could you go back a slide?” They’re the seven words no presenter wants to hear. It doesn't matter where in the presentation you shout this out, it’ll immediately make you look like you’re paying closer attention than everyone else is, because clearly they missed the thing that you’re about to brilliantly point out. Don’t have anything to point out? Just say something like, “I’m not sure what these numbers mean,” and sit back. You've bought yourself almost an entire meeting of appearing smart. 9. Step out for a phone call You’re probably afraid to step out of the room because you fear people will think you aren't making the meeting a priority. Interestingly, however, if you step out of a meeting for an “important” phone call, they’ll all realize just how busy and important you are. They’ll say, “Wow, this meeting is important, so if he has something even more important than this, well, we better not bother him.” 10. Make fun of yourself If someone asks what you think, and you honestly didn't hear a single word anyone said for the last hour, just say, “I honestly didn't hear a single word anyone said for the last hour.” People love self-deprecating humor. Say things like, “Maybe we can just use the lawyers from my divorce,” or “God I wish I was dead.” They’ll laugh, value your honesty, consider contacting H.R., but most importantly, think you’re the smartest looking person in the room. 
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本週方法卡是Judge a Person at First Glance,從第一眼描述一個陌生人,你可以從髮型開始。 你要怎麼說「小平頭的男生」和「紮著馬尾的女生」?以下開放回答!  
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很多學生說英文的難處在於,即使把意思正確的單字放在一起,還是無法確定這是不是最精確的英文表達方式。原因是英文有很多意思相似的單字或片語,必須依照句子的原意選出最合適的用法,以下是學生常犯錯的例子,看看你可不可以找出錯誤在哪 ? Debug 1. I came to Canada for learning English. 我來加拿大是為了學英文。 2. Please turn to the final page! 請翻到最後一頁! 3. Can you introduce us more about this book? 你可以跟我們多介紹這本書嗎? 4. I am finding my keys. 我正在找我的鑰匙。 5. He is able to make one million in one month. 他有能力在一個月賺到100萬!  Debugged 1. I came to Canada to learn English. For 是大部分學生第一個想到可以用來表示原因的介系詞,但 for + Ving 是說明已發生過的事情。He got promoted for winning the contract. 他因為拿到合約而升職。如果要用來表示將要進行的事或為了什麼目的,必須用 to + V。 2. Please turn to the last page! final 指一系列事物中最終的部分。The final episode of the series. last 指的是時間或次序上的最後一個。例如最後一班公車要用:  the last bus. 3. Can you tell us more about this book? Introduce 是用來介紹新的人事物,當要介紹的是已知的人事物時,可以用 tell about 來表達講解說明之意。 4. I am looking for my keys. Find 和 look for 都有找的意思,但 find 有找到的含意,look for 才是尋找之意。 5. He is capable of making one million in one month! Be able to do something 是有能力去做一般的事情,若是形容有能力做到不尋常或是令人吃驚的事,則應該用 be capable of doing something.  -- Source: 世界公民文化中心
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Whom money has turned us into?  有錢讓我們更自私?  文/ Claire Peng  閱讀暖身  李奧納多主演的「華爾街之狼」,勾勒出荒淫、墮落、紙醉金迷的金錢世界,追逐財富的代價,是人性變得更自私自利。美國柏克萊大學的社會心理學家保羅‧皮福,用有趣的實驗,讓我們檢視赤裸裸的人性,你會恍然大悟:為什麼有錢人講話那麼大聲?! 進入本文前,請先想想怎麼表達以下單字:  (A) 良心 (B) 權力 (C) 加劇 ; 惡化  It’s 8:30 in the morning. You know you are going to be late for work again. You are standing in a long queue to get your coffee and breakfast, complaining to the waiter for not delivering your order promptly. After an exhausting day at work, you feel like going home immediately. You start messaging your friend after spotting a seat on the MRT without seeing a five-year-old girl standing just in front of you.  早上八點半,你知道你今天上班又要遲到了。你排在很長的隊伍裡等著買咖啡和早餐,一邊抱怨服務生動作不夠快速。待上了一整天班,你筋疲力盡,ㄧ心只想著趕快回家。一上捷運,看見有位置就立刻坐下,開始拿出你的手機傳訊息給朋友,沒有注意到一位五歲的小女孩就站在你面前。  The scenario is familiar to all of us; or we can say it happens to us or around us almost every single day. We tend to prioritize our needs above the interests of other people. When having a bad A) conscience, we would come up with a whole bunch of excuses to justify our behaviors. It makes us wonder if the hustle and bustle of life in the big city has turned us into ruthless people. How does money affect the way we behave? A famous social psychologist, Paul Piff, uses a rigged monopoly game to answer the question.  這樣的場景我們一點都不陌生,幾乎每一天都可以看見我們自己或是別人做出類似的行為。我們往往優先考慮自己的需求大過於他人的利益。當心裡出現良心不安,我們總是可以想到一大堆理由來合理化自己的行為。這讓我們不禁疑惑,生活在喧擾繁忙的大城市裡,我們是不是早已變得冷酷無情?到底金錢對於我們的行為有什麼影響?著名的社會心理學家保羅‧皮福用一場精心設計的大富翁遊戲來回答這個問題。 Paul and his research group conducted a study at the University of California, Berkeley, to look into how people behave when feeling wealthy. They brought more than 100 pairs of strangers into the lab to play the monopoly game. One of the players in each pair was assigned as the “privileged” one and the other one as the “poor” one. The privileged players collected twice the salary on passing “Go” and rolled two dice rather than one.  為了研究當人類感受到富有時的行為,保羅和他的研究團隊在加州柏克萊大學進行一個實驗。他們將100 對彼此不認識的陌生人帶到實驗室裡玩大富翁。每對玩家裡面有一位分配到優勢權,而另一位是相對弱勢。具有優勢的玩家在通過起點的時候都能領取兩倍的錢,並且每回可以骰兩顆骰子,而另一位玩家只能骰一顆骰子。  Significant differences between the privileged and the poor players were revealed as the game unfolded. The rich ones became louder, followed by display of power and dominance through nonverbal language. The privileged players even behaved in ruder ways towards the poor ones 1) as a means of showing off their material success. The experiment demonstrates that as one’s wealth goes up, one’s feelings of compassion and empathy decrease while self-focus and feelings of B) entitlement increase. 2) On top of that, some research showcases that financial inequality undermines positive things in the society, such as economic growth, social trust, and educational performance.  兩位玩家在遊戲開始之後便展現出極大的差異。有錢的那位玩家聲音變得越來越大聲,並用肢體動作展現出自己的權力和優越感。他們甚至開始對於貧窮的玩家變得無禮,並以物質上的優越作為炫耀。此實驗顯示,隨著一個人的財富增加,對他人的同情心和同理心會下降,並且自我中心和權力的意識會增強。除此之外,有研究顯示財富不均會危害社會的積極面向, 如經濟成長、社會信任和教育成效。  The Global Wealth Report in 2013 shows that the top 10% of the world population own close to 83% percent of the total wealth while half of the population possesses barely 1% of global wealth. It also suggests that economic growth has C) exacerbated this income inequality. As governments around the world try to grow their economies we should perhaps ask ourselves how much economic growth are we willing to compromise, if any, for the wellbeing of our fellow citizens?  2013 年全球財富報告指出,世界人口中10% 富豪佔了近83%的全世界總財富,但全球一半的人口僅擁有1%的全球財富。這也顯示出經濟發展加劇了財富不均的現象。當全球政府都致力於發展經濟的同時,我們不禁要反問: 為了人民的福祉,多大的經濟成長是我們可以妥協的?  口語字彙: 1) as a means of 作為…的方式 mean 當動詞用是「意味著」,means 是名詞,原意是「手段」或「方法」,結尾一定要記得 加s。有個常見的片語by no means,意思是「絕不」。 E.g., Silence is also considered a means of communication. 沉默也被視為是一種溝通方式。 E.g., By no means do I agree with this time. 我這次絕不會同意你的看法。  2) on top of… 了解狀況/除…之外 當了解狀況解釋時,可以表示掌握最新狀況, 或處理某事很成功。 E.g., You can ask Susan about the case. She is on top of it. 你可以詢問蘇珊有關情況, 她最了解。 The boss asked her to stay on top of the things. 老闆要求她要好好處理事情。 當除.. 之外時, 也可換成in addition to/ besides/ apart from + 名詞 / 動名詞 (Ving)。 Claire was good at English throughout her undergraduate studies, but on top of that, she excelled in her art subjects too. Claire 在大學的時候英文很好。除此之外,她也很擅長藝術相關科目。 參考資料:Ted Talk 
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Zoe Chou said
Jeff Bezos: Gifts Are Easy, Choices Are Hard  I will hazard a prediction. When you are 80 years old, and in a quiet moment of reflection narrating for only yourself the most personal version of your life story, the telling that will be most compact and meaningful will be the series of choices you have made. In the end, we are our choices. Build yourself a great story. ~Princeton University, 2010 Michael Bloomberg: Don’t Stay Down Long  My first job out of school was on Wall Street and I stayed there for 15 years. It was a terrific ride: Fun times, and lots of praise from my bosses. Everybody loved me – right up until the day they fired me! But I remained optimistic – because happiness for me has always been going out and trying to beat the odds. So the next day after I got fired, literally the next day, I started a new company. ~Tufts University, 2007 Mark Zuckerberg: It’s Easier If You Do Something You Love  When you go home to dinner and you have the worst tasting vegetable on your plate you can make yourself eat that if you want. But if you play a game, even if it’s really hard, if it’s something that you like you’re going to power through it. If you actually do something you love it’s a lot easier and takes on a lot more purpose. ~Belle Haven Community School in Menlo Park, CA, 2011 Larry Page: Tackle Big Dreams, There’s No Competition  I think it is often easier to make progress on mega-ambitious dreams. I know that sounds completely nuts. But, since no one else is crazy enough to do it, you have little competition. There are so few people this crazy that I feel like I know them all by first name. They all travel as if they are pack dogs and stick to each other like glue. The best people want to work the big challenges. That is what happened with Google. ~University of Michigan, 2009 Ross Perot, Sr.: Plan Your Decades  Your generation has more decades to plan than any that have come before it. Many of you should expect to be productive into your 80s and 90s. As you step into that future I encourage you to think about serving your country and giving something back to the United States. In your 20’s I encourage you to travel and explore the world. Get to know and respect the citizens of this planet. Have some adventure and learn about yourself and discover your true passions. And then I hope you bring it all back. ~Southern Methodist University, 2006 Source 
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用筷子是門大學問,把筷子的英文instruction學起來,就可以教外國朋友如何使用筷子了!  -- Posted by Claire Source: 世界公民文化中心
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英文Email錯誤率最高的一個字,其中有一個你一定沒想到,是appreciate(謝謝)! 很多人不想要一再用thank you/thanks,,,,,.,很自然地appreciate這個字就派上用場了。 我們來看三句經典錯誤示範: (X) I appreciate you for giving us this opportunity to introduce our new product.  謝謝你給我們機會向您介紹我們的新產品。 (X)  We would appreciate if you would arrange for immediate payment.  如果能立即付款,我們會很感激。. (X)  I will appreciate an interview with you。.  希望能有面試的機會。 你知道錯在哪裡? 仔細來看看appreciate,這個字一般字典都解釋為“欣賞、感謝”,再延伸有"升值"意思。這意思看起來沒甚麼關聯,其實它們都是源自同一個本意 “清楚某件事的價值、重要性而對其表達推崇之意”。理解、欣賞、激賞、讚賞、感激,甚至連升值都在同一條意義軸線上。 (O) I appreciate his generosity. 我讚賞他的慷慨大方。 (O) I appreciate the difficulty. 我理解這種困難。 (O) The RMB may appreciate by around 7-8% in 2014. 人民幣2014年可能會升值7%至8%。 再來看用法,appreciate這個字和thank恰恰相反,thank後面接人,appreciate後面不接人,而接一件事。 (O) I appreciate your kindness. 謝謝你的好意。 (X) I appreciate you for your kindness. (O) He thanked her for her kindness. 他感謝她的好意。 (X) He thanked her kindness.   Appreciate後面可以加if或when引導的子句,但這時需要加一個"it": We really appreciate it when she offered to help. 她來幫忙了,我們十分感激。   Appreciate也常出現在履歷表上,但這個字不要亂用。 很多人會在email最後寫道: I am appreciating an interview with you I'm appreciating you 或者 I appreciate your help。 其實都是不妥的。 I'm appreciating 就是我在感激,等於說,我都謝過你了,別人還沒有請我們去interview,不必先表達感激。說"I look forward to hearing from you." 即可。 而I appreciate your help 其實是 I'd appreciate your help,只是"d"讀來很小聲,但還是有。 是不是知道一開始那3句讓怎麼改才對? >> I thank you for giving us this opportunity to introduce our new product. >> We would appreciate it if you would arrange for immediate payment. >> I look forward to hearing from you soon. -- Source: 世界公民文化中心  
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A _________________ employee (a) proficient (b) profitable 是不是一時被長得很像的兩個形容詞嚇傻了呢? 英文裡又很多形容詞長得很像,但意思卻又不太一樣。這裡整理出10個容易搞混的形容詞,跟例句一起看,看理解了,再往下看。 1. considerable 相當多的vs. considerate 體貼的 E.g. He made a considerable amount of money within just few years. 他在幾年之間就賺到了相當大筆的錢。 E.g. My mom is a considerate person. 我媽是一個體貼的人。 2. confident 有自信的vs. confidential 機密的 E.g. The speaker on the stage looks quite confident.  那個在台上的講者看起來很有自信。 E.g. Ray holds all the documents, which are completely confidential.  Ray 握有所有機密的文件。 3. profitable 可獲利的 vs. proficient 熟練的 E.g. The products we are developing are definitely profitable.  我們正在開發的產品一定有利可圖。 E.g. After several years training, Christina becomes proficient at her job. 經過數年的訓練後,Christina在她的工作上變得很熟練。 4. reliable 可靠的 vs. reliant 依賴的 E.g. Finn is my most reliable and trustworthy friend.  Finn 是我最可靠與值得信賴的朋友。 E.g. Young generations have become too reliant on their smartphones. 新生代已經變得很依賴他們的智慧型手機。  5.   economic 經濟的 vs. economical 節儉的 E.g. Japan’s government wants to boost their economic growth by signing trade agreement with China. 日本政府想用和中國簽訂貿易協定來促進經濟成長。 E.g. I found out some economical ways to save electricity on the Internet. 我在網路上找到一些經濟實惠地方法來節省電力。  -- By Claire Wang 王妍筑
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繼續上一次的謬誤-你很難不搞混的形容詞(上) 再來看看剩下的五個是哪些吧! 1. prospective 預期的 vs. prosperous 繁榮的 E.g. Here’s a welcome letter for our prospective students. 這是一封給我們未來的學生的歡迎信。 E.g. The firm had a prosperous year.  這間公司有了個繁榮的一年。 2. distinguished 著名的 vs. distinguishable 可區別的 E.g.  There are many distinguished artists and professors giving speeches on the stages around Legislative Yuan.  有很多著名的藝術家和教授在立法院週邊的舞台上發表演說。 E.g. Finn and Rob are twins. Their father has tried making sure they’re wearing different clothes to make them distinguishable.  Finn跟Rob是雙胞胎,他們的爸爸都讓他們穿不同的衣服以好區別。 3. argumentative 好爭論的 vs. arguable 有爭議的 E.g. Finn is hard to deal with because he is rather argumentative.  Finn 不太好相處,因為他太愛爭論了。 E.g. It’s still arguable whether Cross-Strait Services Trade Agreement is of any worth. 兩岸服務貿易協定是否有價值依然有爭議。 4. successful 成功的 vs. successive 連續的 E.g. We did our best to make this campaign successful.  我們盡了全力讓這個活動辦得成功。 E.g. It rained for 7 successive days in Taipei. 臺北連續下了7天雨。 5. responsible 有責任的 vs. responsive 反應靈敏的  E.g. Who do you think are responsible for the crisis? 你認為這次危機應該要誰負責? E.g. How responsive is the Kindle touch screen? Kindle觸控螢幕有多靈敏? -- By Claire Wang 王妍筑 
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50件衣櫃必備的衣物,今天就把他們全部都貼上英語標籤! 【Tag Your Stuff】是英語島51張方法卡之一,教你將生活周遭的物品「英文化」,用標籤貼上他們對應的英文,每天看每天念一次,幫自己打造全英文學習空間! -- by Claire Peng Source: Pinterest
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