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Lien said
Six Thinking Hats    如果你想往前走,就挑一頂帽子 由愛德華. 德. 波諾發展出來的工具, 六頂思考帽(Six Thinking Hats)的技巧詳細地說明了做決定的時候我們會用到的不同思考風格。人們往往會有某種偏好的思考風格,但無論多麼有用,我們都還是可能因為無法跳脫既定模式,導致最後坐困愁城。六頂思考帽的方法給了我們彈性,不是利用適合某個情況的風格,就是透過應用一種以上的思考風格到某個問題上,讓我們的思考可以更全面。 Used with well-defined and explicit Return On Investment success in corporations worldwide, Six Thinking Hats is a simple, effective parallel thinking process that helps people be more productive, focused, and mindfully involved. A powerful tool set, which once learned can be applied immediately! You and your team members can learn how to separate thinking into six clear functions and roles. Each thinking role is identified with a colored symbolic "thinking hat." By mentally wearing and switching "hats," you can easily focus or redirect thoughts, the conversation, or the meeting. The White Hat calls for information known or needed. "The facts, just the facts."  The Yellow Hat symbolizes brightness and optimism. Under this hat you explore the positives and probe for value and benefit. The Black Hat is judgment - the devil's advocate or why something may not work. Spot the difficulties and dangers; where things might go wrong. Probably the most powerful and useful of the Hats but a problem if overused. The Red Hat signifies feelings, hunches and intuition. When using this hat you can express emotions and feelings and share fears, likes, dislikes, loves, and hates. The Green Hat focuses on creativity; the possibilities, alternatives, and new ideas. It's an opportunity to express new concepts and new perceptions. The Blue Hat is used to manage the thinking process. It's the control mechanism that ensures the Six Thinking Hats® guidelines are observed.   Source: http://www.debonogroup.com/six_thinking_hats.php
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Lien said
你想過嗎?貧窮、疾病、全球暖化、教育資源不足…要是這些問題透過玩遊戲的方式就能迎刃而解,那世界該有多美好?簡直就像迪士尼電影的情節。 Jessica 五歲時告訴老師,她未來的夢想是幫助別人。青少年時期,她母親形容這個孩子「點子多到令人頭痛」。大三那年,當其他同學都在忙著找工作,她推出了第一項發明 發電足球 The SOCCKET。 "There's nothing more exciting to me than the idea of harnessing the passion around the world's most popular sport, and turning it into usable power— literal power, yes, but also the figurative power that comes with believing in your potential to make a meaningful impact in this world" — Jessica O. Matthews How it Works】 非洲孩子的足球 — The SOCCKET
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Zoe Chou said
中文的「有」在英文裡是一個變形金剛,它有各式不同的表現型式。一般我們想到「有」,不外是has/have或there is/are,很多時候不是不對,而是很怪。 請你把這幾句中文說成英文: 1.  今晚電視有一個很有趣的節目。(there is) 2.  有三個人站在那兒。 3.  游泳池假日有開嗎? 4.  這款手機有三個顏色。(come in) 5.  有保固期嗎?(come with) 6.  它有標準的32MB容量,可以擴充至512MB。(come with) 7.  這有道理嗎?(make) 想好了嗎?來看看解說吧! 1.「有」一個有趣的節目,是一種存在的有,是各位熟悉的: There is an interesting program on television tonight. 2&3.很多時候,「有」是虛字,根本不必在英文中出現: Is the swimming pool available on weekend? (游泳池周末開放嗎?) 就像「有三個人站在那裡」,那個「有」是虛字。 Three people are standing there. 4.「有」三種顏色,這樣的有,並不是擁有,而是生產時就做了三個顏色。 This model comes in 3 colors. 5&6.「有」保固期嗎?或有某種配備,這個「有」是只附加在上面的有,用come with。 Does it come with warranty? It comes with standard 32MB that is expandable up to 512MB. 7.有沒有道理是直接用 Does it make sense? 中文的「有」會以各種不同型式出現,除了own或possess之外,consist of/cover/include……也都是「有」的變形。  文/世界公民文化中心 
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Zoe Chou said
閱讀暖身 九十五歲的瑜伽大師 B·K·S·艾揚格於八月二十日逝世。艾揚格十八歲即開始教授瑜伽體位法,三十四歲因緣際會成了小提琴家曼紐因的導師,名聲從此逐漸在倫敦的藝術界傳開,被譽為「瑜伽的米開朗基羅大師」。他的第一本著作《瑜伽之光》(Light on Yoga)成為瑜伽史上的經典之作。75 年的教學中,他的學生包括電影明星 Annette Bening,設計師 Donna Karen,小說家赫胥黎,他還教會比利時 80 歲的王妃頭倒立。 一起來觀賞這則簡單卻傳奇的故事。 進入本文前,請先想想怎麼表達以下單字: a) 平靜  b) 催化  c) 挽救  In the unsettling world today, people are seeking a) tranquility and peace, and amid the different ways to discover personal refuge within, yoga has become the popular choice. The health benefits of yoga have been 1) unanimously acknowledged. The activity could be construed as physical exercise, or an active form of meditation. Regardless how yoga is defined, it is becoming a 2) modern day phenomenon, and the requirements of being a yogi are: a body, a mat, some space, and not to forget, a dash of awareness.  擾攘的現代世界,人們欲找尋平靜,藉著各種方式找到避風港,而瑜伽已經成為風尚的選擇。瑜伽有益於健康,已無庸置疑,它不只能鍛練體能,還是一種動態的冥想。瑜珈已經成為一個現代的現象。想成為瑜伽人,你只要具備:你的身體,一個墊子,些許空間,不要忘了,還有就是一些專注力。 Within each individual’s body, when chronic pains and tiredness are alleviated through physical practice, the bondage of accumulated stress and discomfort is undone, and the person regains the childlike feeling of freedom. Numerous dedicated yogis have been promoting and guiding the inward journey toward personal freedom. Master yogi, B.K.S. Iyengar was the pioneer who introduced yoga to the west, which also b) catalyzed into the yoga frenzy in Taiwan, Japan, and many other nations.  身體裡的慢性疼痛與疲勞,經過體態的練習而得到緩解,積累的壓力和束縛也隨之而去,你會重拾童趣般的自由自在的感覺。許多瑜伽修行者強調,瑜伽是身體解放的內在旅程。瑜伽大師 B.K.S. Iyengar 是將瑜伽推引到西方世界的先驅。瑜伽在西方發揚光大後,台灣,日本與許多其他國家也自動跟進。 The legendary guru was born into poverty, and suffered life-threatening ill health when he was child. Yoga had c) salvaged him, and his contribution to humanity had helped countless number of bodies. He taught yoga for seventy-five years. His students include celebrities, philosophers, musicians, and even European royalty. His famous books Light on Yoga and Light on Life have been translated into many languages, and Iyengar Yoga has become a household name, as hundreds of Iyengar yoga schools have been established around the globe.  In 2004, Iyengar was included in Time 100, the one hundred most influential people in the world chosen by Time magazine.  傳奇的大師出生貧困,童年時受苦於疾病的威脅,瑜伽把他從貧病中拉出來,並且讓世間無數人們的身體受益。他教授瑜伽 75 年裡,學生包括了名人,哲學家,音樂家,歐洲皇室。他所寫的<瑜珈之光>與<生命之光>已經譯為多種語言,幾百家 Iyengar瑜伽學院分布於全球各地。2004 年,Iyengar 被列入 Time 100,時代雜誌所選的世界上一百大影響力的人物之一。 In August 2014, upon his departure of this world at the age of 95, his motto of “live happily and die majestically,” became the celebration of his life, and his ultimate reminder to each of us will always be remembered: “It is through your body that you realize you are a spark of divinity.” 在 2014 年 8 月,95 歲的大師離開了這個個世界,他的座右銘 “快樂生活,莊嚴離開。"已成為對他生命的贊頌,而他的提醒:“透過你的身體,你了解到自己其實是一顆神性的火花。”世人將永遠銘記在心。 口語詞彙 1. Unanimously acknowledged 一致認可,公認。 The project manager didn’t make the presentation himself, but the success of the assignment due to his diligent contribution was unanimously acknowledged.  專案經理雖沒有親自做簡報,但大家一致認為,任務的成功是因為他的認真。 2. Modern day phenomenon 現代現象,也用來解釋常常看到的事情,累積起來就變成現象了。 Many traditional practices such as Qi Gong and Feng shui are becoming popular modern day phenomena.  很多傳統的練習像是氣功與風水都已經成為熱門的現代現象了。 文/ C.H. Wang 世界公民文化中心
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Zoe Chou said
【6min read】「antler」是什麼意思? 想要用英文討論時事,你需要掌握關鍵字。  經濟學人出品,讓今天的6min read並不容易, 建議TOEIC800分以上的朋友挑戰。 【6min read】 6min read是英語島精選的中等篇幅文章,剛好是等一杯咖啡好的時間,每天都看見英文,久了像咖啡一樣,自然順口。 On the antlers of a dilemma   THE fresh-faced good looks have been lined and drawn by the cares of office. His immaculate English is forsaken for the dignity of immaculate Mandarin. Patient replies to questions come wearily, as if said many times before. Yet, six years into his presidency, Ma Ying-jeou’s hair remains as lush and jet-black as any Chinese Politburo member’s. And, speaking in the presidential palace in Taipei, he remains as unwilling as any leader in Beijing to admit to any fundamental flaws in strategy......
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Whom money has turned us into?  有錢讓我們更自私?  文/ Claire Peng  閱讀暖身  李奧納多主演的「華爾街之狼」,勾勒出荒淫、墮落、紙醉金迷的金錢世界,追逐財富的代價,是人性變得更自私自利。美國柏克萊大學的社會心理學家保羅‧皮福,用有趣的實驗,讓我們檢視赤裸裸的人性,你會恍然大悟:為什麼有錢人講話那麼大聲?! 進入本文前,請先想想怎麼表達以下單字:  (A) 良心 (B) 權力 (C) 加劇 ; 惡化  It’s 8:30 in the morning. You know you are going to be late for work again. You are standing in a long queue to get your coffee and breakfast, complaining to the waiter for not delivering your order promptly. After an exhausting day at work, you feel like going home immediately. You start messaging your friend after spotting a seat on the MRT without seeing a five-year-old girl standing just in front of you.  早上八點半,你知道你今天上班又要遲到了。你排在很長的隊伍裡等著買咖啡和早餐,一邊抱怨服務生動作不夠快速。待上了一整天班,你筋疲力盡,ㄧ心只想著趕快回家。一上捷運,看見有位置就立刻坐下,開始拿出你的手機傳訊息給朋友,沒有注意到一位五歲的小女孩就站在你面前。  The scenario is familiar to all of us; or we can say it happens to us or around us almost every single day. We tend to prioritize our needs above the interests of other people. When having a bad A) conscience, we would come up with a whole bunch of excuses to justify our behaviors. It makes us wonder if the hustle and bustle of life in the big city has turned us into ruthless people. How does money affect the way we behave? A famous social psychologist, Paul Piff, uses a rigged monopoly game to answer the question.  這樣的場景我們一點都不陌生,幾乎每一天都可以看見我們自己或是別人做出類似的行為。我們往往優先考慮自己的需求大過於他人的利益。當心裡出現良心不安,我們總是可以想到一大堆理由來合理化自己的行為。這讓我們不禁疑惑,生活在喧擾繁忙的大城市裡,我們是不是早已變得冷酷無情?到底金錢對於我們的行為有什麼影響?著名的社會心理學家保羅‧皮福用一場精心設計的大富翁遊戲來回答這個問題。 Paul and his research group conducted a study at the University of California, Berkeley, to look into how people behave when feeling wealthy. They brought more than 100 pairs of strangers into the lab to play the monopoly game. One of the players in each pair was assigned as the “privileged” one and the other one as the “poor” one. The privileged players collected twice the salary on passing “Go” and rolled two dice rather than one.  為了研究當人類感受到富有時的行為,保羅和他的研究團隊在加州柏克萊大學進行一個實驗。他們將100 對彼此不認識的陌生人帶到實驗室裡玩大富翁。每對玩家裡面有一位分配到優勢權,而另一位是相對弱勢。具有優勢的玩家在通過起點的時候都能領取兩倍的錢,並且每回可以骰兩顆骰子,而另一位玩家只能骰一顆骰子。  Significant differences between the privileged and the poor players were revealed as the game unfolded. The rich ones became louder, followed by display of power and dominance through nonverbal language. The privileged players even behaved in ruder ways towards the poor ones 1) as a means of showing off their material success. The experiment demonstrates that as one’s wealth goes up, one’s feelings of compassion and empathy decrease while self-focus and feelings of B) entitlement increase. 2) On top of that, some research showcases that financial inequality undermines positive things in the society, such as economic growth, social trust, and educational performance.  兩位玩家在遊戲開始之後便展現出極大的差異。有錢的那位玩家聲音變得越來越大聲,並用肢體動作展現出自己的權力和優越感。他們甚至開始對於貧窮的玩家變得無禮,並以物質上的優越作為炫耀。此實驗顯示,隨著一個人的財富增加,對他人的同情心和同理心會下降,並且自我中心和權力的意識會增強。除此之外,有研究顯示財富不均會危害社會的積極面向, 如經濟成長、社會信任和教育成效。  The Global Wealth Report in 2013 shows that the top 10% of the world population own close to 83% percent of the total wealth while half of the population possesses barely 1% of global wealth. It also suggests that economic growth has C) exacerbated this income inequality. As governments around the world try to grow their economies we should perhaps ask ourselves how much economic growth are we willing to compromise, if any, for the wellbeing of our fellow citizens?  2013 年全球財富報告指出,世界人口中10% 富豪佔了近83%的全世界總財富,但全球一半的人口僅擁有1%的全球財富。這也顯示出經濟發展加劇了財富不均的現象。當全球政府都致力於發展經濟的同時,我們不禁要反問: 為了人民的福祉,多大的經濟成長是我們可以妥協的?  口語字彙: 1) as a means of 作為…的方式 mean 當動詞用是「意味著」,means 是名詞,原意是「手段」或「方法」,結尾一定要記得 加s。有個常見的片語by no means,意思是「絕不」。 E.g., Silence is also considered a means of communication. 沉默也被視為是一種溝通方式。 E.g., By no means do I agree with this time. 我這次絕不會同意你的看法。  2) on top of… 了解狀況/除…之外 當了解狀況解釋時,可以表示掌握最新狀況, 或處理某事很成功。 E.g., You can ask Susan about the case. She is on top of it. 你可以詢問蘇珊有關情況, 她最了解。 The boss asked her to stay on top of the things. 老闆要求她要好好處理事情。 當除.. 之外時, 也可換成in addition to/ besides/ apart from + 名詞 / 動名詞 (Ving)。 Claire was good at English throughout her undergraduate studies, but on top of that, she excelled in her art subjects too. Claire 在大學的時候英文很好。除此之外,她也很擅長藝術相關科目。 參考資料:Ted Talk 
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Zoe Chou said
Pic via The New York Times 踏出comfort zone、選好行業用語、也很有自信的表達出自己了,恭喜你就要完成自己的履歷了! 你可能會問,可是你沒教我如何寫履歷啊?只不過是一些減法啊? 我們在第一篇提到,【履歷的減法】系列不會教你格式,正如英語島不會只教你單字文法那些上網查就有的東西,建立起你的英語腦才是我們擅長的。所以在前面三篇當中,我們減去了你的不安、贅字、與過度謙虛,而【履歷的減法】系列最後一篇,是加法:你需要加上一個自我推薦信(Cover Letter)。 自我推薦信為何重要? 假如有兩個信用卡業務員來向你推卡,一個只給你簡介,另一位簡單說明了卡片優點及適合你的原因,如果兩張優惠幾乎一樣,你會選擇辦哪一張呢? 如果是我會選擇後者,因為對他第一時間產生了期待,印象比較突出,自我推薦信就是這樣的道理,這封信就是以後你工作上寄出的信的標準,收到的人會期望這位新員工以後也會這樣介紹公司、對待客戶。不過正如減法強調的,這封信絕對不會是履歷內容的重複,而是讓你表達出為什麼你想要進入這個公司。 ●Why am I a good fit? 如果把工作履歷想成一餐,履歷跟自傳是主菜,自我推薦信就是前菜了,前菜的目的就是讓人期待主菜。自我推薦信的第一要務,在於說明為何你就是那位適合的員工。社會新鮮人往往無法在履歷表裡用經驗襯托自己,同時對於大多數的公司來說,心態比經驗能力更重要,而這也是傳統履歷上看不到的部分,所以你更需要自我推薦信來說明。 ▼我在貴公司徵才攤位和負責海外業務的陳經理聊過,印象很深刻。 During career week, my encounter with Mr. Chen at your company's stall left me with an everlasting impression. ▼我父母親從事這方面的工作,讓我小時候就開始接觸。 As both of my parents worked in this industry, my exposure started young. ▼ 因為這從小就是我的夢想。 Because this has been a dream ever since childhood. 回想一下人生中各個經驗帶來什麼意義,讓你希望應徵這份工作,把經驗化成自己的故事,讓人留下深刻的印象。 ●How can my skills be matched with companies’ requirements? 你找的工作跟之前經驗有什麼關係呢?你覺得你能把經驗跟公司作連接嗎?好吧,假如之前的行業無關,那麼要不要看看自己的專長跟工作有什麼關係呢? 比方說: 你想應徵國貿人員,可是你的工作經驗都是當家教 或是 你想應徵記者,可是你的工作經驗是餐廳外場 那麼你想想看,有沒有什麼相關的專長,例如國貿需要用外語,如果你之前是教英文,不就剛好?而且教學代表你擅長溝通,不是嗎? 餐廳外場要面對各式各樣的客人,當記者也要,而且如果你本身喜歡寫部落格,那這就是開啟你記者夢的起點。 即使你是用人力銀行網站,也應該要在送出應徵時,站在收件人的立場,在「自我推薦」的部分使用上述的方法,給自己多一點機會。 如何推薦自己是一種需要時間思考的技巧。你可能小時候會覺得內容越多越豐富,可是進入社會後反而相反。太多字了,很快對方就會失去興趣。寫履歷應徵工作不是看誰寫的夠多,而是看你寫的內容多麼的Epic。Epic就是在幾秒間把自己形容到對方永遠會記得你是誰。每一個人都可以把自己的故事講得精彩。你有沒有發現屬於你的精彩? 所以,快點寫那封自我推薦信吧!Good luck!! 有任何困難就參考方法卡吧!方法卡都包含了對你有幫助的線索。 文/N.Dannenbring 只講自己最精彩的highlight,讓你寫完以後嘆一聲:「寫得有夠好!」 英語島【 履歷的減法】不只教你如何寫英文履歷、自傳,讓你中文履歷也讓人印象深刻。系列連載到這邊告一段落,祝大家都能進入理想的職場。如果想知道如何寫英文自傳,或更多關於英文面試的問題,歡迎上來英語島切磋討論。 延伸閱讀: 英語島方法卡 #6 Epic--Start from the Middle http://englishisland.com.tw/curious/post/6 【履歷的減法】1. What are you afraid of ? What am I afraid of?  http://englishisland.com.tw/curious/post/1387 【履歷的減法】2. Prove that you are worth it http://englishisland.com.tw/curious/post/1428 【履歷的減法】3. Solidify yourself. http://englishisland.com.tw/curious/post/1468  
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Zoe Chou said
Adopted, raised on different continents and connected through social media, Samantha and Anaïs realized they might be twins separated at birth... 如果有一天,你的朋友丟給你一個Youtube影片,「裡面那個人好像你喔!」 你可能會說「大概是我失散多年的兄弟姐妹吧!哈哈哈哈」 但萬一是真的呢...?你會驚慌?你會欣喜? 人生如戲,戲如人生。 Facebook收集了十則人生故事,配上圖表及照片,好讀推薦!  http://www.facebookstories.com/stories/53771/twinsters 
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相信看完昨天的足球賽,Neymar這個名字應該對你來說不陌生。雖然才22歲,Neymar da Silva Santos Júniory是巴西隊的主將,也是本屆FIFA最讓人注目的足球新星。他今天清晨帶領巴西隊以3-1擊敗克羅埃西亞,拿下本屆FiFA首勝! 關於Neymar的足球職業發展,你應該要知道的幾件事: 1. Neymar signed his first professional contract when he was 17 with the Brazilian club Santos where he was making approximately $1.2 million per year. Neymar在17歲時跟巴西足球隊Santos簽訂他的第一份職業合約,當時他年收入約一百二十位萬美元。 2. In 2010, Santos rejected a $20 million bid for Neymar to join West Ham United in the English Premier League. He was just 18 at the time.  2010年,英超球隊西漢姆聯隊出價兩千萬美元交易Neymar,但被Santos拒絕。Neymar當時才18歲。 3. At the time, Neymar's agent publicly rejected a pay raise from Santos.  當時Neymar的經紀人公開拒絕Santos提供的加薪。 4. Later that year, Neymar rejected an offer from Chelsea in the Premier League that would have paid him approximately $4.8 million per year. At the same time, Neymar was becoming an international star with the Brazilian national team. Neymar拒絕英超聯賽的切爾西足球俱樂部,當時切爾西提供他的年薪約四百八十萬美元。當時Neymar正逐漸成為一名國際知名的足球明星,並為巴西國家隊效力。 5. Neymar then agreed to a new 5-year contract to remain in Brazil, making about $4 million per year. Neymar之後同意簽訂一份新的合約,繼續留在巴西踢球。年薪約四百萬美元。 6. Huge pressure was placed on his shoulders when he was dubbed "The Next Pele." 他被大家喻為「下一個Pele」,承受巨大的壓力。 7. Last year, Barcelona paid $119 million to acquire Neymar from Santos. 去年巴塞隆納足球俱樂部出價一億一千九百萬美元想要把Neymar從Santos挖角。 更多請看原文>> http://tinyurl.com/peazedk  -- Claire Peng Source: Business Insider
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