Curious

英語島交誼廳
29. 下標題 分類所有文章


Lien said
你想過嗎?貧窮、疾病、全球暖化、教育資源不足…要是這些問題透過玩遊戲的方式就能迎刃而解,那世界該有多美好?簡直就像迪士尼電影的情節。 Jessica 五歲時告訴老師,她未來的夢想是幫助別人。青少年時期,她母親形容這個孩子「點子多到令人頭痛」。大三那年,當其他同學都在忙著找工作,她推出了第一項發明 發電足球 The SOCCKET。 "There's nothing more exciting to me than the idea of harnessing the passion around the world's most popular sport, and turning it into usable power— literal power, yes, but also the figurative power that comes with believing in your potential to make a meaningful impact in this world" — Jessica O. Matthews How it Works】 非洲孩子的足球 — The SOCCKET
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Whom money has turned us into?  有錢讓我們更自私?  文/ Claire Peng  閱讀暖身  李奧納多主演的「華爾街之狼」,勾勒出荒淫、墮落、紙醉金迷的金錢世界,追逐財富的代價,是人性變得更自私自利。美國柏克萊大學的社會心理學家保羅‧皮福,用有趣的實驗,讓我們檢視赤裸裸的人性,你會恍然大悟:為什麼有錢人講話那麼大聲?! 進入本文前,請先想想怎麼表達以下單字:  (A) 良心 (B) 權力 (C) 加劇 ; 惡化  It’s 8:30 in the morning. You know you are going to be late for work again. You are standing in a long queue to get your coffee and breakfast, complaining to the waiter for not delivering your order promptly. After an exhausting day at work, you feel like going home immediately. You start messaging your friend after spotting a seat on the MRT without seeing a five-year-old girl standing just in front of you.  早上八點半,你知道你今天上班又要遲到了。你排在很長的隊伍裡等著買咖啡和早餐,一邊抱怨服務生動作不夠快速。待上了一整天班,你筋疲力盡,ㄧ心只想著趕快回家。一上捷運,看見有位置就立刻坐下,開始拿出你的手機傳訊息給朋友,沒有注意到一位五歲的小女孩就站在你面前。  The scenario is familiar to all of us; or we can say it happens to us or around us almost every single day. We tend to prioritize our needs above the interests of other people. When having a bad A) conscience, we would come up with a whole bunch of excuses to justify our behaviors. It makes us wonder if the hustle and bustle of life in the big city has turned us into ruthless people. How does money affect the way we behave? A famous social psychologist, Paul Piff, uses a rigged monopoly game to answer the question.  這樣的場景我們一點都不陌生,幾乎每一天都可以看見我們自己或是別人做出類似的行為。我們往往優先考慮自己的需求大過於他人的利益。當心裡出現良心不安,我們總是可以想到一大堆理由來合理化自己的行為。這讓我們不禁疑惑,生活在喧擾繁忙的大城市裡,我們是不是早已變得冷酷無情?到底金錢對於我們的行為有什麼影響?著名的社會心理學家保羅‧皮福用一場精心設計的大富翁遊戲來回答這個問題。 Paul and his research group conducted a study at the University of California, Berkeley, to look into how people behave when feeling wealthy. They brought more than 100 pairs of strangers into the lab to play the monopoly game. One of the players in each pair was assigned as the “privileged” one and the other one as the “poor” one. The privileged players collected twice the salary on passing “Go” and rolled two dice rather than one.  為了研究當人類感受到富有時的行為,保羅和他的研究團隊在加州柏克萊大學進行一個實驗。他們將100 對彼此不認識的陌生人帶到實驗室裡玩大富翁。每對玩家裡面有一位分配到優勢權,而另一位是相對弱勢。具有優勢的玩家在通過起點的時候都能領取兩倍的錢,並且每回可以骰兩顆骰子,而另一位玩家只能骰一顆骰子。  Significant differences between the privileged and the poor players were revealed as the game unfolded. The rich ones became louder, followed by display of power and dominance through nonverbal language. The privileged players even behaved in ruder ways towards the poor ones 1) as a means of showing off their material success. The experiment demonstrates that as one’s wealth goes up, one’s feelings of compassion and empathy decrease while self-focus and feelings of B) entitlement increase. 2) On top of that, some research showcases that financial inequality undermines positive things in the society, such as economic growth, social trust, and educational performance.  兩位玩家在遊戲開始之後便展現出極大的差異。有錢的那位玩家聲音變得越來越大聲,並用肢體動作展現出自己的權力和優越感。他們甚至開始對於貧窮的玩家變得無禮,並以物質上的優越作為炫耀。此實驗顯示,隨著一個人的財富增加,對他人的同情心和同理心會下降,並且自我中心和權力的意識會增強。除此之外,有研究顯示財富不均會危害社會的積極面向, 如經濟成長、社會信任和教育成效。  The Global Wealth Report in 2013 shows that the top 10% of the world population own close to 83% percent of the total wealth while half of the population possesses barely 1% of global wealth. It also suggests that economic growth has C) exacerbated this income inequality. As governments around the world try to grow their economies we should perhaps ask ourselves how much economic growth are we willing to compromise, if any, for the wellbeing of our fellow citizens?  2013 年全球財富報告指出,世界人口中10% 富豪佔了近83%的全世界總財富,但全球一半的人口僅擁有1%的全球財富。這也顯示出經濟發展加劇了財富不均的現象。當全球政府都致力於發展經濟的同時,我們不禁要反問: 為了人民的福祉,多大的經濟成長是我們可以妥協的?  口語字彙: 1) as a means of 作為…的方式 mean 當動詞用是「意味著」,means 是名詞,原意是「手段」或「方法」,結尾一定要記得 加s。有個常見的片語by no means,意思是「絕不」。 E.g., Silence is also considered a means of communication. 沉默也被視為是一種溝通方式。 E.g., By no means do I agree with this time. 我這次絕不會同意你的看法。  2) on top of… 了解狀況/除…之外 當了解狀況解釋時,可以表示掌握最新狀況, 或處理某事很成功。 E.g., You can ask Susan about the case. She is on top of it. 你可以詢問蘇珊有關情況, 她最了解。 The boss asked her to stay on top of the things. 老闆要求她要好好處理事情。 當除.. 之外時, 也可換成in addition to/ besides/ apart from + 名詞 / 動名詞 (Ving)。 Claire was good at English throughout her undergraduate studies, but on top of that, she excelled in her art subjects too. Claire 在大學的時候英文很好。除此之外,她也很擅長藝術相關科目。 參考資料:Ted Talk 
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Zoe Chou said
Jeff Bezos: Gifts Are Easy, Choices Are Hard  I will hazard a prediction. When you are 80 years old, and in a quiet moment of reflection narrating for only yourself the most personal version of your life story, the telling that will be most compact and meaningful will be the series of choices you have made. In the end, we are our choices. Build yourself a great story. ~Princeton University, 2010 Michael Bloomberg: Don’t Stay Down Long  My first job out of school was on Wall Street and I stayed there for 15 years. It was a terrific ride: Fun times, and lots of praise from my bosses. Everybody loved me – right up until the day they fired me! But I remained optimistic – because happiness for me has always been going out and trying to beat the odds. So the next day after I got fired, literally the next day, I started a new company. ~Tufts University, 2007 Mark Zuckerberg: It’s Easier If You Do Something You Love  When you go home to dinner and you have the worst tasting vegetable on your plate you can make yourself eat that if you want. But if you play a game, even if it’s really hard, if it’s something that you like you’re going to power through it. If you actually do something you love it’s a lot easier and takes on a lot more purpose. ~Belle Haven Community School in Menlo Park, CA, 2011 Larry Page: Tackle Big Dreams, There’s No Competition  I think it is often easier to make progress on mega-ambitious dreams. I know that sounds completely nuts. But, since no one else is crazy enough to do it, you have little competition. There are so few people this crazy that I feel like I know them all by first name. They all travel as if they are pack dogs and stick to each other like glue. The best people want to work the big challenges. That is what happened with Google. ~University of Michigan, 2009 Ross Perot, Sr.: Plan Your Decades  Your generation has more decades to plan than any that have come before it. Many of you should expect to be productive into your 80s and 90s. As you step into that future I encourage you to think about serving your country and giving something back to the United States. In your 20’s I encourage you to travel and explore the world. Get to know and respect the citizens of this planet. Have some adventure and learn about yourself and discover your true passions. And then I hope you bring it all back. ~Southern Methodist University, 2006 Source 
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Zoe Chou said
發現美食難免會多看兩眼,很想趕快分享給朋友知道,但總是詞窮!到底該如何形容呢? 「某人被某物吸引」這樣在中文裡被動的句子,除了要強調被吸引的是誰/什麼,多數時候英文會換為主動形式:「某物吸引了某人」讓句子變得簡潔。 ●昨天的新聞頭條太聳動,全店的人都停下來抬頭看電視 The TV news headline was so horrifying that it caught every one’s attention. ● 上週末全台北的人大概都被華山新的展覽吸引去看了吧! The new exhibition at Huashan Creative Park attracted an estimated 3 milllion people last weekend. ● 新來的經濟學老師又帥又會講課,很能吸引學生的注意力 Charismatic and experienced, the new Economic teacher can always grab students’ attention. ● 我在書店閒逛的時候被這本書的封面吸引,好像很有趣我就買了 I was appealed to the book cover when I browsed at a bookstore, so I just bought the book. 除了最直翻的 attract,appeal 也很常用,draw/catch/grab sb.’s attention可以用在各種場合。 除了動詞,你也可以用形容詞的句式,就像我們常說的令人印象深刻,除了 impressive 還可以怎麼說呢? ● 她的聲音很有特色,讓人一聽就能記住她 She has a distinguished voice. ● 他剛剛的演講實在太令人印象深刻了,演講完畢之後觀眾起立鼓掌三十秒之久 The speech he just delivered is impressive, which earned him a 30-second standing ovation. ● 天啊,牛排看起來太吸引人了,我要點這個! Oh my God! The steak looks so appealing. I am going for it. 這邊幫你準備了懶人包,外帶到你的生活裡去吧! ●你的外帶餐點在這● ○簡潔俐落的形容詞 1. impressive 令人印象深刻的 2. appealing 吸引人的 3. distinguished 很有特色的 4. eye-catching 引人注目的 ○用動詞來描述更多細節 1. attract 吸引  2. appeal to 吸引(to 接被吸引的人事物) 3. draw/catch/grab sb.’s attention 吸引某(些)人的注意力 ●延伸閱讀 英語島方法卡 #29 Headlining 下標題  Showtime | Catchy Headlines  Showtime | A New Headline  文/ Zoe Chou  
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Zoe Chou said
請你為這段文字下一個標題: Most people don’t realize that we’re essentially locking ourselves in a box when we are too focused on something. It’s important to walk away from our work once in a while and have some alone time. Alone time is good for the brain and spirit. 這段文字原本的標題是 "Stop working, and have do-nothing time”,你有抓到重點嗎? 有的 leader 講的話拆開來都聽得懂,但合起來就不知道他想表達什麼。 有的 leader 總是可以快速找到方向,切入重點,推進事務。 關鍵就在閱讀時的下標能力。 面對事情的決策能力,其實是從閱讀開始培養,為文章段落下標題就是很好的練習。 如何進行? 每看完一段文字,試著用一句話總結其含意,盡量不要用文章本身的句子,而是用一句強而有力的標題來吸引人注意。下標題的能力不是只有記者、編輯才需要,好的行銷人員也需要有下標能力,一下就能吸引讀者了解產品。 這樣的能力還可以延伸到日常生活中,你想要推薦一項好東西給朋友,可能是一家餐廳、一瓶防曬乳液、一款電腦背包,東西再好,若沒有在兩三句話直中對方內心也枉然。回想一下自己最近的一次經驗吧,對方的反應如何呢? 學會下標跟提升閱讀其實是相輔相成。#29 Headlining 這張方法卡不僅是教你下標題,透過不同標題種類的反覆練習,熟悉用英文下標的主要原則,例如 "How to…” 句型的各種變化,讓你閱讀時更快抓到文章重點,經過反覆練習,讓你在實際對話時也可以更快聽出對方的來意,爭取時間思考回覆。這週就跟著方法卡練習,如果有問題、卡住了,可以隨時在 Curious  求救。 現在請就 “Sitting Is The New Smoking” 這個標題,告訴我們 Coach Claire 的這篇文章在講什麼呢?   延伸閱讀: #29 Headlining 下標題  7 Things You Need To Stop Doing To Be More Productive, Backed By Science  文 / Zoe Chou
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如何工作又快又有效率? 或許你可以試著整理桌子、善用計時器、簡化你的email內容.... *今日片語:have a one track mind 思路單一化 其實這個字常常有貶意,指人頭腦思路偏狹、單一化,不懂變通,但在這裡的意思是你要「專注」於你現在手邊作的這件事情,不要想太多其他令你分心的事物! See also 【Enfographic】How to Get up Early? -- By Claire Peng Photo via http://tinyurl.com/l4plnd9 
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英語島本週方法卡是Headlining,教你如何用標題判斷文章內容,還有如何用強而有力的標題吸引讀者注意。來看看國際商業媒體像是Wired, Bloomberg, Fast Company, Harvard Business Review是怎麼下標的吧>>http://tinyurl.com/o3pb766 *延伸閱讀: 1. 【English Insider】#29 Headlining 閱讀快狠準 http://tinyurl.com/px5bybt 2. 英語島本週方法卡#29 Headlining  http://tinyurl.com/owpvzyf -- Source: 英語島雜誌 
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相信看完昨天的足球賽,Neymar這個名字應該對你來說不陌生。雖然才22歲,Neymar da Silva Santos Júniory是巴西隊的主將,也是本屆FIFA最讓人注目的足球新星。他今天清晨帶領巴西隊以3-1擊敗克羅埃西亞,拿下本屆FiFA首勝! 關於Neymar的足球職業發展,你應該要知道的幾件事: 1. Neymar signed his first professional contract when he was 17 with the Brazilian club Santos where he was making approximately $1.2 million per year. Neymar在17歲時跟巴西足球隊Santos簽訂他的第一份職業合約,當時他年收入約一百二十位萬美元。 2. In 2010, Santos rejected a $20 million bid for Neymar to join West Ham United in the English Premier League. He was just 18 at the time.  2010年,英超球隊西漢姆聯隊出價兩千萬美元交易Neymar,但被Santos拒絕。Neymar當時才18歲。 3. At the time, Neymar's agent publicly rejected a pay raise from Santos.  當時Neymar的經紀人公開拒絕Santos提供的加薪。 4. Later that year, Neymar rejected an offer from Chelsea in the Premier League that would have paid him approximately $4.8 million per year. At the same time, Neymar was becoming an international star with the Brazilian national team. Neymar拒絕英超聯賽的切爾西足球俱樂部,當時切爾西提供他的年薪約四百八十萬美元。當時Neymar正逐漸成為一名國際知名的足球明星,並為巴西國家隊效力。 5. Neymar then agreed to a new 5-year contract to remain in Brazil, making about $4 million per year. Neymar之後同意簽訂一份新的合約,繼續留在巴西踢球。年薪約四百萬美元。 6. Huge pressure was placed on his shoulders when he was dubbed "The Next Pele." 他被大家喻為「下一個Pele」,承受巨大的壓力。 7. Last year, Barcelona paid $119 million to acquire Neymar from Santos. 去年巴塞隆納足球俱樂部出價一億一千九百萬美元想要把Neymar從Santos挖角。 更多請看原文>> http://tinyurl.com/peazedk  -- Claire Peng Source: Business Insider
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