Curious

英語島交誼廳
44. Ask Better Questions 提問達人 分類所有文章


Lien said
Six Thinking Hats    如果你想往前走,就挑一頂帽子 由愛德華. 德. 波諾發展出來的工具, 六頂思考帽(Six Thinking Hats)的技巧詳細地說明了做決定的時候我們會用到的不同思考風格。人們往往會有某種偏好的思考風格,但無論多麼有用,我們都還是可能因為無法跳脫既定模式,導致最後坐困愁城。六頂思考帽的方法給了我們彈性,不是利用適合某個情況的風格,就是透過應用一種以上的思考風格到某個問題上,讓我們的思考可以更全面。 Used with well-defined and explicit Return On Investment success in corporations worldwide, Six Thinking Hats is a simple, effective parallel thinking process that helps people be more productive, focused, and mindfully involved. A powerful tool set, which once learned can be applied immediately! You and your team members can learn how to separate thinking into six clear functions and roles. Each thinking role is identified with a colored symbolic "thinking hat." By mentally wearing and switching "hats," you can easily focus or redirect thoughts, the conversation, or the meeting. The White Hat calls for information known or needed. "The facts, just the facts."  The Yellow Hat symbolizes brightness and optimism. Under this hat you explore the positives and probe for value and benefit. The Black Hat is judgment - the devil's advocate or why something may not work. Spot the difficulties and dangers; where things might go wrong. Probably the most powerful and useful of the Hats but a problem if overused. The Red Hat signifies feelings, hunches and intuition. When using this hat you can express emotions and feelings and share fears, likes, dislikes, loves, and hates. The Green Hat focuses on creativity; the possibilities, alternatives, and new ideas. It's an opportunity to express new concepts and new perceptions. The Blue Hat is used to manage the thinking process. It's the control mechanism that ensures the Six Thinking Hats® guidelines are observed.   Source: http://www.debonogroup.com/six_thinking_hats.php
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Zoe Chou said
中文的「有」在英文裡是一個變形金剛,它有各式不同的表現型式。一般我們想到「有」,不外是has/have或there is/are,很多時候不是不對,而是很怪。 請你把這幾句中文說成英文: 1.  今晚電視有一個很有趣的節目。(there is) 2.  有三個人站在那兒。 3.  游泳池假日有開嗎? 4.  這款手機有三個顏色。(come in) 5.  有保固期嗎?(come with) 6.  它有標準的32MB容量,可以擴充至512MB。(come with) 7.  這有道理嗎?(make) 想好了嗎?來看看解說吧! 1.「有」一個有趣的節目,是一種存在的有,是各位熟悉的: There is an interesting program on television tonight. 2&3.很多時候,「有」是虛字,根本不必在英文中出現: Is the swimming pool available on weekend? (游泳池周末開放嗎?) 就像「有三個人站在那裡」,那個「有」是虛字。 Three people are standing there. 4.「有」三種顏色,這樣的有,並不是擁有,而是生產時就做了三個顏色。 This model comes in 3 colors. 5&6.「有」保固期嗎?或有某種配備,這個「有」是只附加在上面的有,用come with。 Does it come with warranty? It comes with standard 32MB that is expandable up to 512MB. 7.有沒有道理是直接用 Does it make sense? 中文的「有」會以各種不同型式出現,除了own或possess之外,consist of/cover/include……也都是「有」的變形。  文/世界公民文化中心 
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Zoe Chou said
我們常在報告結束時問聽眾:「有沒有任何問題?」這句的英文到底是 "Any question?" 還是 "Any questions?"  any 不是應該加單數名詞嗎?可是好像比較常聽到加 s ? 還是說因為句尾加 s 聽起來比較像native speaker? 有一次聽簡報,在最後 Q&A 環節時,報告人詢問大家 "Any question?" 這一個錯字讓台下的 English speaker 都愣住了,事後回想起來不記得他的演講內容,只記得這個一字之差帶來的面面相覷。  原來美式英文在碰到問句及否定句時,any 後面的可數名詞都要換成複數,讓 any 代表「所有種類/可能」,不只是「任一」而已,多個也可以,這樣包含的範圍更全面。 還有一些類似的常見用法,例如: ● Any ideas? ● Any thoughts? ● Any feedback? 小心 feedback 是不可數名詞,本來就沒有複數型態,不能加 s 。 上面的例句都比較口語,省略了句子前面的部分,也有需要講完整句子的場合,應該怎麼說呢? ● Let me know if you have any questions. 如有任何問題請告訴我。 ● Have you got any children? 你有小孩嗎? any 也可以用在不只一樣東西的時候,像是在Apple的意見回饋區就這麼寫著: ● We would love to hear your comments about any of our hardware and software products.  我們歡迎任何關於產品或軟體的寶貴意見。   人們往往會記得開頭與結束,讓簡報順利結尾,給人留下深刻印象吧! 文/Zoe Chou 延伸閱讀:為什麼祝賀要加”S”?揪出英文中的一字之差
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Zoe Chou said
10 Tricks to Appear Smart During Meetings   Like everyone, appearing smart during meetings is my top priority. Sometimes this can be difficult if you start daydreaming about your next vacation, your next nap, or bacon. When this happens, it’s good to have some fallback tricks to fall back on. Here are my ten favorite tricks for quickly appearing smart during meetings. 1. Draw a Venn diagram Getting up and drawing a Venn diagram is a great way to appear smart. It doesn't matter if your Venn diagram is wildly inaccurate, in fact, the more inaccurate the better. Even before you've put that marker down, your colleagues will begin fighting about what exactly the labels should be and how big the circles should be, etc. At this point, you can slink back to your chair and go back to playing Candy Crush on your phone. 2. Translate percentage metrics into fractions If someone says “About 25% of all users click on this button,” quickly chime in with, “So about 1 in 4,” and make a note of it. Everyone will nod their head in agreement, secretly impressed and envious of your quick math skills. 3. Encourage everyone to “take a step back” There comes a point in most meetings where everyone is chiming in, except you. Opinions and data and milestones are being thrown around and you don’t know your CTA from your OTA. This is a great point to go, “Guys, guys, guys, can we take a step back here?” Everyone will turn their heads toward you, amazed at your ability to silence the fray. Follow it up with a quick, “What problem are we really trying to solve?” and, boom! You've bought yourself another hour of looking smart. 4. Nod continuously while pretending to take notes Always bring a notepad with you. Your rejection of technology will be revered. Take notes by simply writing down one word from every sentence that you hear. Nod continuously while doing so. If someone asks you if you’re taking notes, quickly say that these are your own personal notes and that someone else should really be keeping a record of the meeting. Bravo compadre. You've saved your ass, and you've gotten out of doing any extra work. Or any work at all, if you’re truly succeeding. 5. Repeat the last thing the engineer said, but very very slowly Make a mental note of the engineer in the room. Remember his name. He’ll be quiet throughout most of the meeting, but when his moment comes everything out of his mouth will spring from a place of unknowable brilliance. After he utters these divine words, chime in with, “Let me just repeat that,” and repeat exactly what he just said, but very, very slowly. Now, his brilliance has been transferred to you. People will look back on the meeting and mistakenly attribute the intelligent statement to you. 6. Ask “Will this scale?” no matter what it is It’s important to find out if things will scale no matter what it is you’re discussing. No one even really knows what that means, but it’s a good catch-all question that generally applies and drives engineers nuts. 7. Pace around the room Whenever someone gets up from the table and walks around, don’t you immediately respect them? I know I do. It takes a lot of guts but once you do it, you immediately appear smart. Fold your arms. Walk around. Go to the corner and lean against the wall. Take a deep, contemplative sigh. Trust me, everyone will be shitting their pants wondering what you’re thinking. If only they knew (bacon). 8. Ask the presenter to go back a slide “Sorry, could you go back a slide?” They’re the seven words no presenter wants to hear. It doesn't matter where in the presentation you shout this out, it’ll immediately make you look like you’re paying closer attention than everyone else is, because clearly they missed the thing that you’re about to brilliantly point out. Don’t have anything to point out? Just say something like, “I’m not sure what these numbers mean,” and sit back. You've bought yourself almost an entire meeting of appearing smart. 9. Step out for a phone call You’re probably afraid to step out of the room because you fear people will think you aren't making the meeting a priority. Interestingly, however, if you step out of a meeting for an “important” phone call, they’ll all realize just how busy and important you are. They’ll say, “Wow, this meeting is important, so if he has something even more important than this, well, we better not bother him.” 10. Make fun of yourself If someone asks what you think, and you honestly didn't hear a single word anyone said for the last hour, just say, “I honestly didn't hear a single word anyone said for the last hour.” People love self-deprecating humor. Say things like, “Maybe we can just use the lawyers from my divorce,” or “God I wish I was dead.” They’ll laugh, value your honesty, consider contacting H.R., but most importantly, think you’re the smartest looking person in the room. 
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