Curious

英語島交誼廳
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Lien said
Six Thinking Hats    如果你想往前走,就挑一頂帽子 由愛德華. 德. 波諾發展出來的工具, 六頂思考帽(Six Thinking Hats)的技巧詳細地說明了做決定的時候我們會用到的不同思考風格。人們往往會有某種偏好的思考風格,但無論多麼有用,我們都還是可能因為無法跳脫既定模式,導致最後坐困愁城。六頂思考帽的方法給了我們彈性,不是利用適合某個情況的風格,就是透過應用一種以上的思考風格到某個問題上,讓我們的思考可以更全面。 Used with well-defined and explicit Return On Investment success in corporations worldwide, Six Thinking Hats is a simple, effective parallel thinking process that helps people be more productive, focused, and mindfully involved. A powerful tool set, which once learned can be applied immediately! You and your team members can learn how to separate thinking into six clear functions and roles. Each thinking role is identified with a colored symbolic "thinking hat." By mentally wearing and switching "hats," you can easily focus or redirect thoughts, the conversation, or the meeting. The White Hat calls for information known or needed. "The facts, just the facts."  The Yellow Hat symbolizes brightness and optimism. Under this hat you explore the positives and probe for value and benefit. The Black Hat is judgment - the devil's advocate or why something may not work. Spot the difficulties and dangers; where things might go wrong. Probably the most powerful and useful of the Hats but a problem if overused. The Red Hat signifies feelings, hunches and intuition. When using this hat you can express emotions and feelings and share fears, likes, dislikes, loves, and hates. The Green Hat focuses on creativity; the possibilities, alternatives, and new ideas. It's an opportunity to express new concepts and new perceptions. The Blue Hat is used to manage the thinking process. It's the control mechanism that ensures the Six Thinking Hats® guidelines are observed.   Source: http://www.debonogroup.com/six_thinking_hats.php
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Lien said
你想過嗎?貧窮、疾病、全球暖化、教育資源不足…要是這些問題透過玩遊戲的方式就能迎刃而解,那世界該有多美好?簡直就像迪士尼電影的情節。 Jessica 五歲時告訴老師,她未來的夢想是幫助別人。青少年時期,她母親形容這個孩子「點子多到令人頭痛」。大三那年,當其他同學都在忙著找工作,她推出了第一項發明 發電足球 The SOCCKET。 "There's nothing more exciting to me than the idea of harnessing the passion around the world's most popular sport, and turning it into usable power— literal power, yes, but also the figurative power that comes with believing in your potential to make a meaningful impact in this world" — Jessica O. Matthews How it Works】 非洲孩子的足球 — The SOCCKET
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Zoe Chou said
經濟崩壞的新生存指南:「多職能工作者」 Create Your Own Portfolio Career  「我要創業!」大四那年,J 小姐就立下這個職涯目標。新聞系畢業的她,出了社會自然而然投入媒體做記者,她特別選擇跑財經與商業路線,一心以為自己會在商界訪談的耳濡目染下,忽然想出什麼好的生意點子。然而,即使出國念了個 MBA(企管碩士)回來,她仍然不知道要創什麼業。直到有一天,她拿到了一張美國人的名片,上面印著大學教職、企業顧問、編劇等多元專業。對方說:"I listed all the things I can do well and made my own portfolio career." 從此以後,「portfolio career」(多職能工作組合)一詞深植J 小姐的心中,她想,與其天馬行空地找創業點子,不如實實在在地列出、並整合自己的所有專長,為客戶提供服務,這不就是一條自立門戶的道路嗎? 進入本文前,請先想想以下單字: (A)有利可圖的  (B)務實的  (C)適應性 The word "portfolio" is often used to describe a collection of assets held by an institution or a private individual to ensure a stable return of investment. It is based on the concept of not putting all your eggs in one basket. The idea of a "portfolio career" is just like that. It involves multiple identities and the income may come from part-time employment, temporary work, freelance assignments or a personal business. Some portfolio careerists even have a full-time job, but will arrange their time to pursue other (A) lucrative interests. 「投資組合」一詞經常用來指機構或個人持有的多元資產,藉此確保穩定的投資收益。它的基本概念就是避免把所有的雞蛋都放在同一個籃子裡。而「多職能工作組合」也是同樣的想法。一個多職能工作者可能具備多重身份,收入也來自不同管道,譬如兼職工作、臨時業務、外包案件或個人事業等,有些人甚至仍保有全職工作,再另外善用時間去追求其他有利可圖的業務。 A Portfolio Career is undoubtedly an emerging trend. Barrie Hopson, co-author of "10 Steps to Creating a Portfolio Career" says that this type of career offers a safety net—if you lose one or choose to quit a job, you'll still have other sources of income, which is very attractive during the economic recession. (1) On the other hand, a much more fulfilling work-life blend is offered—for some people, it is even more rewarding than paychecks. "Increasingly, people are finding that they don't want to do the same thing (2)day in and day out," Hopson says. "The traditional, single-track career pattern of the last century is now more difficult to find, and if you do pursue that, you'll almost certainly have to move between companies." 「多職能工作組合」無疑是職場的一種新趨勢。暢銷書《創造多職能工作組合的十個步驟》作者之一巴里 • 霍普生表示,這樣的工作形式提供了一張安全網—如果你丟了工作或者選擇辭職,你仍然會有其他收入來源,這個優點在經濟衰退時期非常有吸引力。另一方面,人們藉由這種方式獲得更充實的工作與生活配置—對某些人來說,這比實質的薪資更有價值。「人們漸漸發現自己並不想每天都在做同樣的事,現今也很難找到像上個世紀一樣傳統而單一路線的職涯模式,倘若你追求的是那種舊時代的職涯,你幾乎肯定要在不同的公司間跳來跳去。」 Creating a portfolio career is also a (B) down-to-earth way to start a business. After figuring out which skills you have and how you can make them work, you may (3)carve out a career for yourself. 建立「多職能工作組合」也是一種務實的創業方式。在了解自己擁有什麼技能,以及如何藉由這些技能生存,你或許就能闖出一番事業。 Even if you don't have a plan to leave the traditional work environment, you should still have the spirit of a portfolio careerist. By juggling multiple careers, you have increased flexibility and (C) adaptability, which are two key skills every employee in this post-economic downturn needs to succeed in the future. 即使你沒有離開傳統工作環境的打算,也應該具備多職能工作者的精神,因為將多個工作玩弄於股掌之間,你會變得靈活而有適應性,這兩項特質是職場人士在後經濟衰退時代取得成功的關鍵條件。 口語字彙 (1) On the other hand 另一方面 Ex: Investing in a stock market can be profitable. On the other hand, we should also take the risks we might encounter into consideration.  投資股市是有利可圖的。但另一方面,也要將可能遇到的風險列入考量範圍。 這檔基金加碼投資美國股市。 (2) Day in and day out 日復一日; 每天 Ex: Jessica has worked day in and day out for this company for twenty years. Jessica 每天上下班,已經在這家公司工作二十年的時間了。 (3) carve out 原意是「雕刻」,這裡指的是比較抽象的「開創」、「規劃」出自己的未來。 Ex: It's difficult to carve out a niche in a design industry. 要在設計產業有一席之地是很困難的。 
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Zoe Chou said
閱讀暖身 九十五歲的瑜伽大師 B·K·S·艾揚格於八月二十日逝世。艾揚格十八歲即開始教授瑜伽體位法,三十四歲因緣際會成了小提琴家曼紐因的導師,名聲從此逐漸在倫敦的藝術界傳開,被譽為「瑜伽的米開朗基羅大師」。他的第一本著作《瑜伽之光》(Light on Yoga)成為瑜伽史上的經典之作。75 年的教學中,他的學生包括電影明星 Annette Bening,設計師 Donna Karen,小說家赫胥黎,他還教會比利時 80 歲的王妃頭倒立。 一起來觀賞這則簡單卻傳奇的故事。 進入本文前,請先想想怎麼表達以下單字: a) 平靜  b) 催化  c) 挽救  In the unsettling world today, people are seeking a) tranquility and peace, and amid the different ways to discover personal refuge within, yoga has become the popular choice. The health benefits of yoga have been 1) unanimously acknowledged. The activity could be construed as physical exercise, or an active form of meditation. Regardless how yoga is defined, it is becoming a 2) modern day phenomenon, and the requirements of being a yogi are: a body, a mat, some space, and not to forget, a dash of awareness.  擾攘的現代世界,人們欲找尋平靜,藉著各種方式找到避風港,而瑜伽已經成為風尚的選擇。瑜伽有益於健康,已無庸置疑,它不只能鍛練體能,還是一種動態的冥想。瑜珈已經成為一個現代的現象。想成為瑜伽人,你只要具備:你的身體,一個墊子,些許空間,不要忘了,還有就是一些專注力。 Within each individual’s body, when chronic pains and tiredness are alleviated through physical practice, the bondage of accumulated stress and discomfort is undone, and the person regains the childlike feeling of freedom. Numerous dedicated yogis have been promoting and guiding the inward journey toward personal freedom. Master yogi, B.K.S. Iyengar was the pioneer who introduced yoga to the west, which also b) catalyzed into the yoga frenzy in Taiwan, Japan, and many other nations.  身體裡的慢性疼痛與疲勞,經過體態的練習而得到緩解,積累的壓力和束縛也隨之而去,你會重拾童趣般的自由自在的感覺。許多瑜伽修行者強調,瑜伽是身體解放的內在旅程。瑜伽大師 B.K.S. Iyengar 是將瑜伽推引到西方世界的先驅。瑜伽在西方發揚光大後,台灣,日本與許多其他國家也自動跟進。 The legendary guru was born into poverty, and suffered life-threatening ill health when he was child. Yoga had c) salvaged him, and his contribution to humanity had helped countless number of bodies. He taught yoga for seventy-five years. His students include celebrities, philosophers, musicians, and even European royalty. His famous books Light on Yoga and Light on Life have been translated into many languages, and Iyengar Yoga has become a household name, as hundreds of Iyengar yoga schools have been established around the globe.  In 2004, Iyengar was included in Time 100, the one hundred most influential people in the world chosen by Time magazine.  傳奇的大師出生貧困,童年時受苦於疾病的威脅,瑜伽把他從貧病中拉出來,並且讓世間無數人們的身體受益。他教授瑜伽 75 年裡,學生包括了名人,哲學家,音樂家,歐洲皇室。他所寫的<瑜珈之光>與<生命之光>已經譯為多種語言,幾百家 Iyengar瑜伽學院分布於全球各地。2004 年,Iyengar 被列入 Time 100,時代雜誌所選的世界上一百大影響力的人物之一。 In August 2014, upon his departure of this world at the age of 95, his motto of “live happily and die majestically,” became the celebration of his life, and his ultimate reminder to each of us will always be remembered: “It is through your body that you realize you are a spark of divinity.” 在 2014 年 8 月,95 歲的大師離開了這個個世界,他的座右銘 “快樂生活,莊嚴離開。"已成為對他生命的贊頌,而他的提醒:“透過你的身體,你了解到自己其實是一顆神性的火花。”世人將永遠銘記在心。 口語詞彙 1. Unanimously acknowledged 一致認可,公認。 The project manager didn’t make the presentation himself, but the success of the assignment due to his diligent contribution was unanimously acknowledged.  專案經理雖沒有親自做簡報,但大家一致認為,任務的成功是因為他的認真。 2. Modern day phenomenon 現代現象,也用來解釋常常看到的事情,累積起來就變成現象了。 Many traditional practices such as Qi Gong and Feng shui are becoming popular modern day phenomena.  很多傳統的練習像是氣功與風水都已經成為熱門的現代現象了。 文/ C.H. Wang 世界公民文化中心
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Zoe Chou said
【6min read】「antler」是什麼意思? 想要用英文討論時事,你需要掌握關鍵字。  經濟學人出品,讓今天的6min read並不容易, 建議TOEIC800分以上的朋友挑戰。 【6min read】 6min read是英語島精選的中等篇幅文章,剛好是等一杯咖啡好的時間,每天都看見英文,久了像咖啡一樣,自然順口。 On the antlers of a dilemma   THE fresh-faced good looks have been lined and drawn by the cares of office. His immaculate English is forsaken for the dignity of immaculate Mandarin. Patient replies to questions come wearily, as if said many times before. Yet, six years into his presidency, Ma Ying-jeou’s hair remains as lush and jet-black as any Chinese Politburo member’s. And, speaking in the presidential palace in Taipei, he remains as unwilling as any leader in Beijing to admit to any fundamental flaws in strategy......
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Zoe Chou said
剪刀石頭布是個簡單的遊戲,但我們常用它來解決很想贏的事。光靠搓手是不會帶來好運氣的,看看一些策略吧! 1. Watch your opponent play others.  Often, they will lean towards one of the choices (for example, rock). If you have a chance to watch them play before they play you, look for an overall pattern.  2. Know rookie tendencies. Rookie males tend to lead with rock. If you're playing a spontaneous game against a male rookie, there's an increased chance that his opening throw will be rock, so you'll want to go with paper. If you're playing a female rookie, however, keep in mind that competitive player Jason Simmons claims that women tend to start with scissors, so go with rock.  3. Play scissors or paper against an experienced player.  A non-rookie may know that throwing an initial rock is too predictable, because of the tendency for male rookies to do this. They'll probably use scissors or paper. Therefore, you should start off with scissors, as it'll beat their paper or at least tie with their scissors. If your opponent is an experienced woman, she may be familiar with the "scissors" stereotype and will likely throw either rock or paper--your best bet is paper.  4. Look for a double run.  If someone makes the same throw twice, they will not want to make that same throw the third time, because they don't want to seem predictable. You can use this information to your advantage. For instance, if someone throws paper twice, they'll probably throw either rock or scissors on their third gesture; use rock so that you can either win or draw.  5. Beat your last move.  This only works if you have just won; inexperienced or frustrated players tend to subconsciously throw the move that just beat them, so you should throw a gesture that will beat your own last move. For example, if you just won with rock against their scissors, they might throw rock next, so you should be prepared with paper.  6. Use probability to your advantage.  In competition play, it's been statistically observed that scissors is the least common gesture. If you're at a loss for what to throw, using paper will give you a slight advantage, as it's slightly less probable that your opponent will use scissors.  7. Keep your eyes on your opponent's hand just as the gesture is being thrown. Watch what shape they are forming their hand into. If you see them extending into the paper gesture, for instance, you may have a split second within the count to react accordingly with scissors. But, be careful when trying to see what your opponent is doing because it could lead to slow throwing, which is illegal in competitive play.  8. Study your opponent.  Watch how your opponent plays with other people. See which option they throw most and the pattern they usually throw in. Before your opponent throws, look at their hands. If all fingers are tense, it's likely that they will play rock. If they are all lose, you can guess paper, and if only the top 2 are lose, it's a fair bet that they'll play scissors.  圖文版Source 
文章分類:6 min. Read, 4. 英語樂高
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Zoe Chou said
10 Tricks to Appear Smart During Meetings   Like everyone, appearing smart during meetings is my top priority. Sometimes this can be difficult if you start daydreaming about your next vacation, your next nap, or bacon. When this happens, it’s good to have some fallback tricks to fall back on. Here are my ten favorite tricks for quickly appearing smart during meetings. 1. Draw a Venn diagram Getting up and drawing a Venn diagram is a great way to appear smart. It doesn't matter if your Venn diagram is wildly inaccurate, in fact, the more inaccurate the better. Even before you've put that marker down, your colleagues will begin fighting about what exactly the labels should be and how big the circles should be, etc. At this point, you can slink back to your chair and go back to playing Candy Crush on your phone. 2. Translate percentage metrics into fractions If someone says “About 25% of all users click on this button,” quickly chime in with, “So about 1 in 4,” and make a note of it. Everyone will nod their head in agreement, secretly impressed and envious of your quick math skills. 3. Encourage everyone to “take a step back” There comes a point in most meetings where everyone is chiming in, except you. Opinions and data and milestones are being thrown around and you don’t know your CTA from your OTA. This is a great point to go, “Guys, guys, guys, can we take a step back here?” Everyone will turn their heads toward you, amazed at your ability to silence the fray. Follow it up with a quick, “What problem are we really trying to solve?” and, boom! You've bought yourself another hour of looking smart. 4. Nod continuously while pretending to take notes Always bring a notepad with you. Your rejection of technology will be revered. Take notes by simply writing down one word from every sentence that you hear. Nod continuously while doing so. If someone asks you if you’re taking notes, quickly say that these are your own personal notes and that someone else should really be keeping a record of the meeting. Bravo compadre. You've saved your ass, and you've gotten out of doing any extra work. Or any work at all, if you’re truly succeeding. 5. Repeat the last thing the engineer said, but very very slowly Make a mental note of the engineer in the room. Remember his name. He’ll be quiet throughout most of the meeting, but when his moment comes everything out of his mouth will spring from a place of unknowable brilliance. After he utters these divine words, chime in with, “Let me just repeat that,” and repeat exactly what he just said, but very, very slowly. Now, his brilliance has been transferred to you. People will look back on the meeting and mistakenly attribute the intelligent statement to you. 6. Ask “Will this scale?” no matter what it is It’s important to find out if things will scale no matter what it is you’re discussing. No one even really knows what that means, but it’s a good catch-all question that generally applies and drives engineers nuts. 7. Pace around the room Whenever someone gets up from the table and walks around, don’t you immediately respect them? I know I do. It takes a lot of guts but once you do it, you immediately appear smart. Fold your arms. Walk around. Go to the corner and lean against the wall. Take a deep, contemplative sigh. Trust me, everyone will be shitting their pants wondering what you’re thinking. If only they knew (bacon). 8. Ask the presenter to go back a slide “Sorry, could you go back a slide?” They’re the seven words no presenter wants to hear. It doesn't matter where in the presentation you shout this out, it’ll immediately make you look like you’re paying closer attention than everyone else is, because clearly they missed the thing that you’re about to brilliantly point out. Don’t have anything to point out? Just say something like, “I’m not sure what these numbers mean,” and sit back. You've bought yourself almost an entire meeting of appearing smart. 9. Step out for a phone call You’re probably afraid to step out of the room because you fear people will think you aren't making the meeting a priority. Interestingly, however, if you step out of a meeting for an “important” phone call, they’ll all realize just how busy and important you are. They’ll say, “Wow, this meeting is important, so if he has something even more important than this, well, we better not bother him.” 10. Make fun of yourself If someone asks what you think, and you honestly didn't hear a single word anyone said for the last hour, just say, “I honestly didn't hear a single word anyone said for the last hour.” People love self-deprecating humor. Say things like, “Maybe we can just use the lawyers from my divorce,” or “God I wish I was dead.” They’ll laugh, value your honesty, consider contacting H.R., but most importantly, think you’re the smartest looking person in the room. 
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Whom money has turned us into?  有錢讓我們更自私?  文/ Claire Peng  閱讀暖身  李奧納多主演的「華爾街之狼」,勾勒出荒淫、墮落、紙醉金迷的金錢世界,追逐財富的代價,是人性變得更自私自利。美國柏克萊大學的社會心理學家保羅‧皮福,用有趣的實驗,讓我們檢視赤裸裸的人性,你會恍然大悟:為什麼有錢人講話那麼大聲?! 進入本文前,請先想想怎麼表達以下單字:  (A) 良心 (B) 權力 (C) 加劇 ; 惡化  It’s 8:30 in the morning. You know you are going to be late for work again. You are standing in a long queue to get your coffee and breakfast, complaining to the waiter for not delivering your order promptly. After an exhausting day at work, you feel like going home immediately. You start messaging your friend after spotting a seat on the MRT without seeing a five-year-old girl standing just in front of you.  早上八點半,你知道你今天上班又要遲到了。你排在很長的隊伍裡等著買咖啡和早餐,一邊抱怨服務生動作不夠快速。待上了一整天班,你筋疲力盡,ㄧ心只想著趕快回家。一上捷運,看見有位置就立刻坐下,開始拿出你的手機傳訊息給朋友,沒有注意到一位五歲的小女孩就站在你面前。  The scenario is familiar to all of us; or we can say it happens to us or around us almost every single day. We tend to prioritize our needs above the interests of other people. When having a bad A) conscience, we would come up with a whole bunch of excuses to justify our behaviors. It makes us wonder if the hustle and bustle of life in the big city has turned us into ruthless people. How does money affect the way we behave? A famous social psychologist, Paul Piff, uses a rigged monopoly game to answer the question.  這樣的場景我們一點都不陌生,幾乎每一天都可以看見我們自己或是別人做出類似的行為。我們往往優先考慮自己的需求大過於他人的利益。當心裡出現良心不安,我們總是可以想到一大堆理由來合理化自己的行為。這讓我們不禁疑惑,生活在喧擾繁忙的大城市裡,我們是不是早已變得冷酷無情?到底金錢對於我們的行為有什麼影響?著名的社會心理學家保羅‧皮福用一場精心設計的大富翁遊戲來回答這個問題。 Paul and his research group conducted a study at the University of California, Berkeley, to look into how people behave when feeling wealthy. They brought more than 100 pairs of strangers into the lab to play the monopoly game. One of the players in each pair was assigned as the “privileged” one and the other one as the “poor” one. The privileged players collected twice the salary on passing “Go” and rolled two dice rather than one.  為了研究當人類感受到富有時的行為,保羅和他的研究團隊在加州柏克萊大學進行一個實驗。他們將100 對彼此不認識的陌生人帶到實驗室裡玩大富翁。每對玩家裡面有一位分配到優勢權,而另一位是相對弱勢。具有優勢的玩家在通過起點的時候都能領取兩倍的錢,並且每回可以骰兩顆骰子,而另一位玩家只能骰一顆骰子。  Significant differences between the privileged and the poor players were revealed as the game unfolded. The rich ones became louder, followed by display of power and dominance through nonverbal language. The privileged players even behaved in ruder ways towards the poor ones 1) as a means of showing off their material success. The experiment demonstrates that as one’s wealth goes up, one’s feelings of compassion and empathy decrease while self-focus and feelings of B) entitlement increase. 2) On top of that, some research showcases that financial inequality undermines positive things in the society, such as economic growth, social trust, and educational performance.  兩位玩家在遊戲開始之後便展現出極大的差異。有錢的那位玩家聲音變得越來越大聲,並用肢體動作展現出自己的權力和優越感。他們甚至開始對於貧窮的玩家變得無禮,並以物質上的優越作為炫耀。此實驗顯示,隨著一個人的財富增加,對他人的同情心和同理心會下降,並且自我中心和權力的意識會增強。除此之外,有研究顯示財富不均會危害社會的積極面向, 如經濟成長、社會信任和教育成效。  The Global Wealth Report in 2013 shows that the top 10% of the world population own close to 83% percent of the total wealth while half of the population possesses barely 1% of global wealth. It also suggests that economic growth has C) exacerbated this income inequality. As governments around the world try to grow their economies we should perhaps ask ourselves how much economic growth are we willing to compromise, if any, for the wellbeing of our fellow citizens?  2013 年全球財富報告指出,世界人口中10% 富豪佔了近83%的全世界總財富,但全球一半的人口僅擁有1%的全球財富。這也顯示出經濟發展加劇了財富不均的現象。當全球政府都致力於發展經濟的同時,我們不禁要反問: 為了人民的福祉,多大的經濟成長是我們可以妥協的?  口語字彙: 1) as a means of 作為…的方式 mean 當動詞用是「意味著」,means 是名詞,原意是「手段」或「方法」,結尾一定要記得 加s。有個常見的片語by no means,意思是「絕不」。 E.g., Silence is also considered a means of communication. 沉默也被視為是一種溝通方式。 E.g., By no means do I agree with this time. 我這次絕不會同意你的看法。  2) on top of… 了解狀況/除…之外 當了解狀況解釋時,可以表示掌握最新狀況, 或處理某事很成功。 E.g., You can ask Susan about the case. She is on top of it. 你可以詢問蘇珊有關情況, 她最了解。 The boss asked her to stay on top of the things. 老闆要求她要好好處理事情。 當除.. 之外時, 也可換成in addition to/ besides/ apart from + 名詞 / 動名詞 (Ving)。 Claire was good at English throughout her undergraduate studies, but on top of that, she excelled in her art subjects too. Claire 在大學的時候英文很好。除此之外,她也很擅長藝術相關科目。 參考資料:Ted Talk 
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Zoe Chou said
Jeff Bezos: Gifts Are Easy, Choices Are Hard  I will hazard a prediction. When you are 80 years old, and in a quiet moment of reflection narrating for only yourself the most personal version of your life story, the telling that will be most compact and meaningful will be the series of choices you have made. In the end, we are our choices. Build yourself a great story. ~Princeton University, 2010 Michael Bloomberg: Don’t Stay Down Long  My first job out of school was on Wall Street and I stayed there for 15 years. It was a terrific ride: Fun times, and lots of praise from my bosses. Everybody loved me – right up until the day they fired me! But I remained optimistic – because happiness for me has always been going out and trying to beat the odds. So the next day after I got fired, literally the next day, I started a new company. ~Tufts University, 2007 Mark Zuckerberg: It’s Easier If You Do Something You Love  When you go home to dinner and you have the worst tasting vegetable on your plate you can make yourself eat that if you want. But if you play a game, even if it’s really hard, if it’s something that you like you’re going to power through it. If you actually do something you love it’s a lot easier and takes on a lot more purpose. ~Belle Haven Community School in Menlo Park, CA, 2011 Larry Page: Tackle Big Dreams, There’s No Competition  I think it is often easier to make progress on mega-ambitious dreams. I know that sounds completely nuts. But, since no one else is crazy enough to do it, you have little competition. There are so few people this crazy that I feel like I know them all by first name. They all travel as if they are pack dogs and stick to each other like glue. The best people want to work the big challenges. That is what happened with Google. ~University of Michigan, 2009 Ross Perot, Sr.: Plan Your Decades  Your generation has more decades to plan than any that have come before it. Many of you should expect to be productive into your 80s and 90s. As you step into that future I encourage you to think about serving your country and giving something back to the United States. In your 20’s I encourage you to travel and explore the world. Get to know and respect the citizens of this planet. Have some adventure and learn about yourself and discover your true passions. And then I hope you bring it all back. ~Southern Methodist University, 2006 Source 
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What's the first thing coming to your mind when you wake up in the morning? Sometimes, we choose not to believe that we are capable of living the lives we want. There are 11 things that you should remind yourself of when you wake up every morning. They might help you lead a more satisfying life. 1. Today can be a good day, but only if you make it so. 今天可以是很棒的一天,但只有你也這樣認為才可以。心態決定一切,選擇相信今天很美好,就能活的自在快樂。 2. The only things that you should do today are the things you want to do today.  今天應該要做的事就是你想做的事。如果今天不是在做自己想做的事情,那你必須要做一點改變。 3. The important people in your life deserve both respect and attention. 你身邊重要的人值得你的尊敬和關心。只有重要的人值得這一切,對於不重要的人,就不必浪費太多自己的時間。 全文請看>> Elite Daily -- By Claire Peng
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Zoe Chou said
Adopted, raised on different continents and connected through social media, Samantha and Anaïs realized they might be twins separated at birth... 如果有一天,你的朋友丟給你一個Youtube影片,「裡面那個人好像你喔!」 你可能會說「大概是我失散多年的兄弟姐妹吧!哈哈哈哈」 但萬一是真的呢...?你會驚慌?你會欣喜? 人生如戲,戲如人生。 Facebook收集了十則人生故事,配上圖表及照片,好讀推薦!  http://www.facebookstories.com/stories/53771/twinsters 
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你多久沒準時下班了?  閱讀暖身  準時下班與完成每天工作事項不見得背道而馳。工作超時或許能贏得盡忠職守的美名,對長期的工作績效和生活品質卻不盡然。如果想盡力完成當天工作,又想準時離開辦公室,你需要一些技巧管理你的工作習慣。   進入本文前,請先想想怎麼表達以下單字:  a) 精疲力盡b) 應付c) 空出、 撥出  The clock has ticked past 6:30pm but you are still sitting in front of your computer. You have been thinking about going home on time today so as to spend some time with your kids, but you are still facing a pile of work. When you finally get to leave the office, it’s already 9 pm and you are the last one to turn off the office lights again. You feel a) drained by work after getting home, and feel like 1) hitting the sack right away. 牆上的時鐘早已過了六點半,你還坐在你的電腦前面工作。雖然一直想著要早點回家陪小孩,卻有堆積如山的工作還沒完成。當你終於準備要離開公司,發現已經九點鐘了,而且你又是最後一個離開辦公室的人。當你到家之後,早已覺得精疲力盡,一心只想趕快上床睡覺。 It's a pattern with which most full-time professionals are familiar–you’re spending increasing amounts of time at your office, compromising your personal life just to make a good impression at work. However, staying longer at the office does not necessarily make you more productive. It often works 2) the other way around. The following tips might help you shorten your office hours so you can leave work on time. 這是大部分全職上班族都不陌生的情況,每天花越來越多的時間待在辦公室,犧牲了自己的私人時間,只為求在工作上有好的表現。然而,在辦公室的時間越長,並不代表你會更有生產力,而且通常還會得到反效果。以下提供幾個方法,或許可以幫助你縮短工作時間,讓你準時離開工作崗位。 First, learn to prioritize things. Make a list of the three most important things you have to get done in a day. Limit it to three and focus on them. Don’t try to b) juggle too many things at once. Tackle the important and difficult tasks first so they won’t slow you down at the end of the day when you might get stuck. Second, stay on top of your emails. c) Set aside two or three particular times a day for checking emails and that’s it! Don’t bother to reply to every email as soon as it arrives in your inbox. You are not going to miss out on important messages because people will call you if it’s urgent. 首先,訂出工作的優先順序。先寫下一天最重要的三件工作,記得要限制只有「三件」,並專注地完成它們,不要試著一次處理太多事情。先完成這些比較重要和困難的工作,不要留到下班前再做,這樣在遇到瓶頸的時候,才不會拖延到你的下班時間。第二點,控制回覆電子郵件的時間。每天撥出兩到三個時間點回覆郵件即可,不要一收到新郵件就急著立刻回覆。你不必擔心會漏掉重要訊息,若有緊急的情況,別人會直接用電話聯繫。 Third, be flexible. When you are busy, you can try to get to work earlier or compromise some of your lunch break time. Bring your own lunchbox so that it saves you more time. Don’t get involved in too many 3) “water cooler chats”; focus on accomplishing your tasks first. Lastly, feel good about what you have done. When you leave the office every day, don’t just think about the things you have yet to do. Remind yourself of the things you have accomplished today, ending your work-day feeling good about what you have done. 第三,「彈性」調配時間。當你業務繁忙的時候,可以試著早點進辦公室,或者是利用一點自己的午休時間工作,自己帶便當會比中午出去外面吃飯來的更省時。試著減少參與同事的「茶水間閒聊」,讓自己先專注在當天要完成的任務。最後,對自己的工作進度感到滿意。每天離開辦公室前,不要只掛念著自己還沒完成的工作,提醒自己今天已經完成了哪些任務,在結束一天工作前能夠感覺充實。 *口語詞彙: 1. hit the sack 上床睡覺 hit the sack 的意思和go to bed一樣,但hit the sack是更口語的表達方式。 E.g., I am very tired, so I guess it’s time for me to hit the sack.  我現在很累,所以我想該上床睡覺了。 2. the other way around 相反地、以相反地方式進行 I don't think the table will go through the door this way. Let’s try it the other way around.  我不覺得桌子可以從這個角度搬進門,我們應該要換個方向試試看。 3. water cooler chats 茶水間閒聊 Water cooler  是飲水機,water cooler chat 顧名思義就是在飲水機或茶水間的閒聊,也可以說 water cooler conversation.  The gossip has become water-cooler chat/conversation, and has spread around the office.  八卦已經成為茶水間閒聊話題,並且已在辦公室內傳開。 -- 文/ Claire Peng Photo via http://tinyurl.com/nfoaexs 
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英文裡有許多我們常常「搞混」的英文單字,其實用錯一個字,就可能讓別人對你的印象扣分,甚至可能會改變整個訊息的真正意涵。Time雜誌和Inc.合作整理出30個我們常常用錯的單字,譬如說farther 和further: "We can take our business plan no further.”  "Florida is farther from New York than Tennessee.”  Farther 其實是距離上的遠,而further也是遠,但用來表達抽象的概念,不是真正距離上的遙遠。 進入今天的6 min read前,先看看你認不認識以下三個單字: 1. insight 2. averse 3. implement 全文請看 TIME Vocabulary 1. insight n. 洞察力 e.g., Having Worked for the company for three years, I have gained insight into customers' behaviors. 在這家公司工作三年的時間,我對消費者的行為有更深入的了解。 2. averse adj. 反對; 不喜歡 e.g., Jacky is used to staying in his comfort zone. He's averse to taking risks and challenges. Jacky習慣待在自己的舒適圈,他不喜歡承擔風險和接受挑戰。 3. implement v. 實施  e.g., Before implementing a new business policy , you have to make sure it's well-designed and relevant to your business goal. 當實施一個新的企業政策前,要先確保這個政策是經過精心規劃並和你的公司目標有連結。  -- 文/ Claire Peng
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文/ Claire Peng 閱讀暖身  從早上八點坐進辦公椅,到下午六點,上班坐8-10小時,下班後坐在各種社交場合2小時,回到家坐在沙發上看電視又坐了3小時,人平均一天坐超過10小時,上班族成了不折不扣的“久坐族”。過去,大家認為吸菸是健康一號殺手,這個一號殺手的寶座,拱手讓給「久坐」。一起來看怎麼避免久坐。  進入本文前,請先想想怎麼表達以下單字:   a) 盛行; 普遍的 b) 駝背 c) 跳脫框架的   Have you ever calculated how much time you spend sitting in a day? According to statistics, people spend an average of 9.3 hours sitting- more than the 7.7 hours we spend on sleeping per day. Sitting is remarkably a) prevalent, but very few of us know that there are serious health consequences to it.  你曾計算過你一天花多少時間坐在椅子上嗎? 根據統計,一般人每天平均花9.3小時坐著,甚至比一天的睡眠時間 7.7小時還長。久坐已是現今非常普遍的現象,但少數人知道這會為我們帶來嚴重的健康後果。  According to a research conducted in New South Wales, Australia, sitting increases the risk of dying prematurely, even if you 1) engage in regular daily exercise. What’s more, sitting can “cause anything from lower back pain to high cholesterol, diabetes, and obesity,"said Mladen Golubic, medical director of the Center for Lifestyle Medicine at Cleveland Clinic's Wellness Institute. Some people even call sitting the new smoking of our generation.  根據澳洲新威爾斯的一項研究,即使每天從事運動,久坐仍會增加早亡的風險。 美國克里夫蘭診所, 健康協會生活方式醫療中心的醫學主任穆雷登認為: 久坐會造成許多健康問題,從下背部疼痛到高血壓、糖尿病、肥胖問題。」 有些人甚至將久坐比喻為這世代的吸菸行為。  There are two creative ways that help reduce sitting time at work. First, you can set up a standing desk at your office so you are able to stand while you work. Cia Bernales, web producer at Fast Company, wrote an article on how she 2) persisted in standing and how the new working posture made her healthier although her body was not used to standing for hours at first. Her feet went numb and her lower back hurt at the end of the day. However, after a year of standing, she decided not to go back to sitting anymore. While this might sound a bit extreme, it does avoid slouching and b) hunching over. You might also find yourselves taking more breaks and walks around the office after adopting the approach.  這裡提供兩種創新的方法來幫助減少工作時坐著的時間。首先,你可以在辦公室打造「站立式辦公桌」,讓你能夠站著辦公。Fast Company的網站製作人希雅, 寫了一篇文章分享她如何堅持站著工作。雖然一開始她的身體還不習慣站立這麼長的時間,一整天工作結束後,她的雙腳發麻,下背部也會疼痛,但新的工作姿勢讓她變得更健康。 一年的時間下來,她決定再也不回去坐著辦公了。雖然這個方法聽起來有點極端,但的確可以讓你工作時不再無精打采,也可以改善駝背問題。採用這個方法後,你會發現你開始讓自己多休息,也會多在辦公室走動。  Nilofer Merchant is a business innovator who is helping companies grow their business. She advises that we turn our one-on-one coffee meetings or conference room meetings into “walking” ones. “You will be surprised at how fresh air drives fresh thinking,” she said. She has walking meetings 3) to the tune of 20-30 miles a week and it has completely changed her life and work style. She mentioned that “walking meetings” itself is an c) out-of-the-box idea, which leads us to think “out of the box” at the same time. In this way, it might help us to look at things and solve problems with different perspectives.  妮洛佛.莫晨特是一名商業創新者,協助許多企業發展事業。她建議我們將咖啡廳或會議廳一對一會議改成「走路會議」。她說:「你將會驚訝地發現新鮮的空氣如何帶給我們創新的想法,」妮洛佛每週會進行長達20-30英哩的走路會議。她也提到走路會議本身就是一個創新的想法,在進行的同時也會帶給我們跳脫框架的思維模式。這樣一來,它或許可以引領我們用不一樣的觀點來看事情和解決問題。  *口語字彙    Engage in 從事; 進行 You will have to make sure what career you would like to engage in before looking for a job.找工作前,你要先想清楚自己未來想從事的職業生涯。Andy is engaging in psychological research. Andy現在正在進行一個心理學研究。Engage變成形容詞,engaging,可解釋為「動人的; 迷人的」。He has a crush on the new girl in the office because she has an engaging smile. 他喜歡新來的女同事,因為她的微笑很迷人。     Persist in堅持Persist 常和介系詞in一起用。Jessica sets strict demands on herself, and she persists in working hard to achieve sales target.  Jessica對自己要求非常嚴格,而且堅持一定要努力達到業務目標。Persistence 是名詞 ”毅力”的意思。“Energy and Persistence conquer all things.”- Benjamin Franklin.能量和毅力可以征服一切。-班傑明.富蘭克林 To the tune of 總計 Tune是歌曲的「旋律」。She wrote a tune and hummed it to me. 她寫了一段曲,然後哼給我聽。但to the tune of 這個片語和音樂沒有關係, 這裡當總計的意思,常用在金錢方面,表達數量總計。The company performed well last year. They had profits to the tune of $100 million. 這家公司去年的表現不錯,獲利總額高達1億美元。 -- 參考資料:Fast Company & TED Talk Photo via http://tinyurl.com/o72bkmc   
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Getting all hyped now? The tournament kicks off on Friday at 4:00am Taipei time. The opening game is the host nation Brazil up against Croatia! 星期五台北時間清晨四點,首戰由地主隊巴西出戰克羅埃西亞。 *你不可不知道的足球相關vocabulary: soccer field 足球場 halfway line 中線 penalty area 罰球區 referee 裁判 kick-off 開球 long/short pass 長傳/短傳 shoot 射門 offside 越位 dribble 帶球/運球 kick-out 出界 send a player off 球員出場 Read the latest FiFA news on BBC Sport. What you need to know before the opening game. >> http://www.bbc.com/sport/0/football/27588192  -- Source: BBC Sport & http://tinyurl.com/lv7kpjn 
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相信看完昨天的足球賽,Neymar這個名字應該對你來說不陌生。雖然才22歲,Neymar da Silva Santos Júniory是巴西隊的主將,也是本屆FIFA最讓人注目的足球新星。他今天清晨帶領巴西隊以3-1擊敗克羅埃西亞,拿下本屆FiFA首勝! 關於Neymar的足球職業發展,你應該要知道的幾件事: 1. Neymar signed his first professional contract when he was 17 with the Brazilian club Santos where he was making approximately $1.2 million per year. Neymar在17歲時跟巴西足球隊Santos簽訂他的第一份職業合約,當時他年收入約一百二十位萬美元。 2. In 2010, Santos rejected a $20 million bid for Neymar to join West Ham United in the English Premier League. He was just 18 at the time.  2010年,英超球隊西漢姆聯隊出價兩千萬美元交易Neymar,但被Santos拒絕。Neymar當時才18歲。 3. At the time, Neymar's agent publicly rejected a pay raise from Santos.  當時Neymar的經紀人公開拒絕Santos提供的加薪。 4. Later that year, Neymar rejected an offer from Chelsea in the Premier League that would have paid him approximately $4.8 million per year. At the same time, Neymar was becoming an international star with the Brazilian national team. Neymar拒絕英超聯賽的切爾西足球俱樂部,當時切爾西提供他的年薪約四百八十萬美元。當時Neymar正逐漸成為一名國際知名的足球明星,並為巴西國家隊效力。 5. Neymar then agreed to a new 5-year contract to remain in Brazil, making about $4 million per year. Neymar之後同意簽訂一份新的合約,繼續留在巴西踢球。年薪約四百萬美元。 6. Huge pressure was placed on his shoulders when he was dubbed "The Next Pele." 他被大家喻為「下一個Pele」,承受巨大的壓力。 7. Last year, Barcelona paid $119 million to acquire Neymar from Santos. 去年巴塞隆納足球俱樂部出價一億一千九百萬美元想要把Neymar從Santos挖角。 更多請看原文>> http://tinyurl.com/peazedk  -- Claire Peng Source: Business Insider
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Zoe Chou said
NEJM The above chart showing the relationship between a country's chocolate consumption and Nobel Prize victories is making the rounds on Twitter, perhaps because it's Easter.  One would assume, when seeing the chart, that it's one of those jokey correlation charts that you might find on Reddit or something, like the chart comparing homicide to the use of Windows Explorer. Gizmodo But apparently the chocolate chart isn't a joke. The chocolate chart actually comes from a New England Journal Of Medicine paper published in 2012 called: Chocolate Consumption, Cognitive Function, and Nobel Laureates. The paper isn't a joke. It was written by Franz H. Messerli, MD. A full ungated version of it can be read here. Messerli writes: Since chocolate consumption could hypothetically improve cognitive function not only in individuals but also in whole populations, I wondered whether there would be a correlation between a country’s level of chocolate consumption and its population’s cognitive function. To my knowledge, no data on overall national cognitive function are publicly available. Conceivably, however, the total number of Nobel laureates per capita could serve as a surrogate end point reflecting the proportion with superior cognitive function and thereby give us some measure of the overall cognitive function of a given country. ... The principal finding of this study is a surprisingly powerful correlation between chocolate intake per capita and the number of Nobel laureates in various countries. Of course, a correlation between X and Y does not prove causation but indicates that either X influences Y, Y influences X, or X and Y are influenced by a common underlying mechanism. However, since chocolate consumption has been documented to improve cognitive function, it seems most likely that in a dose-dependent way, chocolate intake provides the abundant fertile ground needed for the sprouting of Nobel laureates. Obviously, these findings are hypothesis-generating only and will have to be tested in a prospective, randomized trial. So there you go! Happy Easter! Eat more chocolate! Source: http://www.businessinsider.com/chocolate-consumption-vs-nobel-prizes-2014-4#ixzz2zUfiz2pM 
chocolate consumption and nobel prize
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Zoe Chou said
If you want to launch and grow a business, chances are you're going to have to put words on the page. Probably many words on many pages. Which means there's no room for saying you "hate writing" or "can't write." In many cases, the more important the writing task, the more the would-be writer freezes up. The result can be something of a Mobius strip of anxiety turned into fear turned into more anxiety, and what you're left with is a blank page. To help you work through writer's block, consider the strategies below. (These tips were compiled by this reporter through an informal survey of her own writer friends and colleagues.) 1. Lose the “I'm just not a writer” syndrome.   Everyone has the potential to be a writer. Continuing to tell yourself otherwise is nothing more than an empty excuse. Reverse the energy. You can be a writer. Tell yourself, “I am absolutely capable of writing.” 2. Don’t wait for perfect words.  If every sentence has to be a flawless work of art, then you will sit in fear. The sweat might pour, but the words won’t come. Just start writing words on the page. Know that once you have started, you can go back and revise what you have. But until you start, you will never know where you are trying to go. If you are writing on a tight deadline, it is even more critical that you let go of the notion of immediate perfection. One writer friend of mine offered the analogy that writing is like cleaning a messy room: the only way a large mess gets cleaned up is to start tidying one small corner at a time. 3. Talk to yourself -- out loud.  It’s less stressful for most people to chat with a friend over a beer than to write a grant proposal (even if the content of the conversation is the grant proposal in question). In conversation, it’s generally accepted that we might have to stop, correct ourselves and continue speaking. Allow yourself that same freedom in your writing process. If that’s hard to do, talk out loud to yourself to get the thoughts flowing. 4. Move words, sentences, paragraphs around the page like pieces of a puzzle.   The beauty of writing on a computer is that you can move words and groups of words effortlessly. Just reminding yourself of that tends to make it easier to find your writing flow. If you get your mind set that the words will be seen by the audience exactly as they flow onto the page, it can be paralyzing. For those overwhelmed by the amount of ideas banging around in their head, jot the ideas down, one by one, in a loose cross between thought-notes and an organizational outline. Then, you can slowly work your way down your list, flushing out concepts into sentences and paragraphs without worrying that you might forget something critical. 5. Crystallize your point into a few words.  When you sit down to write a business pitch, a grant proposal or a speech, be sure that you have done your research and know precisely what you mean to communicate. If you're struggling to write, it may be a sign that you are confused about what you want to say. Condense the main nugget of what you are trying to say into just a short phrase or sentence and you'll have a better shot at composing a tight, organized piece. 6. Rid yourself of the Internet. Scores of very smart people spend all day long every day trying to grab your attention on the Internet. They’re pretty good at it, too. Eliminate distractions by going offline and opening a document that only allows you to write on your computer desktop. One writing friend recommended using the Freedom app when trying to write. When you install the application, it blocks all of your connections to the Internet for an allotted time. Also, having a very specific physical routine associated with writing helps some people get into the writing groove. Perhaps there is a seat at a particular desk that you associate with writing. Perhaps you write best at a certain time of day. Perhaps you need to have a tall glass of ice water when you write. 7. Don’t get stuck by letting yourself think that you have to start at the beginning.   Just because they call it the introduction does not mean that you have to start at the beginning. If you know what you want the middle paragraph to be, then start there. Write the portion that you know best first and then work out from there. 8. Set deadlines for yourself.  Even if you don’t need to write on a deadline, set deadlines for yourself. And stick to them. One writing friend I talked to said she has friends and family follow up with her to make sure she's keeping to her time goals.  Source: http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/233264 
文章分類:6 min. Read, Vocab., Writing
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